Surfing The Wierd

Monday, December 3, 2007

Ancient Catastrophes - Science and Myth


COSMIC IMPACTS AND TSUNAMI: THE UNDERRATED HAZARD The following text is an extract from Edward A. Bryant's new book TSUNAMI: THE UNDERRATED HAZARD, to be published by Cambridge University Press (publication c. July 2001). 0 521 77244 3 Hardback £55.00/$74.95 0 521 77599 4 Paperback £19.95/$27.95 For more details and how to order, please visit the CUP website at >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> Description In the past decade over ten major tsunami events have impacted on the world's coastlines, causing devastation and loss of life. Evidence for past great tsunami, or 'mega-tsunami', has also recently been discovered along apparently aseismic and protected coastlines. With a large proportion of the world's population living on the coastline, the threat from tsunami can not be ignored. This book comprehensively describes the nature and process of tsunami, outlines field evidence for detecting the presence of past events, and describes particular events linked to earthquakes, volcanoes, submarine landslides and meteorite impacts. While technical aspects are covered, much of the text can be read by anyone with a high school education. The book will appeal to students and researchers in geomorphology, earth and environmental science, and emergency planning, and will also be attractive for the general public interested in natural hazards and new developments in science. >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> Chapter Contents Preface; Acknowledgments; Part I. Tsunami as Known Hazards: 1. Introduction; 2. Tsunami dynamics; Part II. Tsunami-Formed Landscapes: 3. Signatures of tsunami in the coastal landscape; 4. Coastal landscape evolution; Part III. Causes of Tsunami: 5. Earthquake-generated tsunami; 6. Great landslides; 7. Volcanic eruptions; 8. Comets and meteorites; Part IV. Modern Risk of Tsunami: 9. Risk; 10. Epilogue; References; Index. -------------


MORE RECENT EVIDENCE FROM LEGENDS AND MYTHS By Edward A. Byrant Deluge Comet Impact Event 8,200 ± 200 years ago (Kristan-Tollmann and Tollmann, 1992) If cosmogenically generated tsunami are so rare, certainly within the timespan of human civilisation, then a paradox exists because evidence for such events certainly appears often in the geological record and in human legends. Traditionally, the difficulty in discriminating between fact and fiction, between echoes of the real past and dreams, has discouraged historians and scientists from making inferences about catastrophic events from myths or deciphered records. Yet, common threads appear in many ancient tales. Stories told by the Washo Indians of California and by the Aborigines of South Australia portray falling stars, fire from the sky, and cataclysmic floods unlike any modern event. Similar portrayals appear in the Gilgamesh myth from the Middle East, in Peruvian legends, and in the Revelations of Saint John and the Noachian flood story in the Bible. Victor Clube of Oxford University and William Napier of the Royal Observatory of Edinburgh have pieced together consistent patterns in ancient writings, which they interpret as representing meteoritic showers 3,000-6,000 years ago. One of the more disturbing accounts has been compiled from these legends by Edith and Alexander Tollmann of the University of Vienna, who believe that a comet circling the sun fragmented into seven large bodies that crashed into the world's oceans 8,200 ± 200 years ago. This age is based on radiocarbon dates from Vietnam, Australia and Europe. The impacts generated an atmospheric fireball that globally affected society. This was followed by a nuclear winter characterised by global cooling. More significantly, enormous tsunami swept across coastal plains and, if the legends are to be believed, overwashed the centre of continents. The latter phenomenon, if true, most likely was associated with the splash from the impacts rather than with conventional tsunami run-up. Massive floods then occurred across continents. The event may well have an element of truth. Figure 8.9 plots the location of the seven impact sites derived from geological evidence and legends. Two of these sites, in the Tasman and North Seas, have been identified as having mega-tsunami events around this time. The North Sea impact centre corresponds with the location of the Storegga slides described in Chapter 6. Here, the main tsunami took place 7,950 ±190 years ago. One of the better dates comes from wood lying above tektites in a sand dune along the South Coast of Victoria, Australia. The tektites are associated with the Tasman Sea impact and date at 8,200 ±250 years before present. These dates place the Deluge Comet impact event--a term used by the Tollmanns--around 6200 BC. This event does not stand alone during the Holocene. It has been repeated in recent times--a fact supported by Maori and Aborigine legends from New Zealand and Australia.


MYSTIC FIRES OF TAMAATEA (Mooley et al., 1963; Steel and Snow, 1992; McGlone and Wilmshurst, 1999) One of the more intriguing legends associated with the Taurids is the New Zealand Maori legend known as the Mystic Fires of Tamaatea. The legend originates in the North Island; but, ethnographic evidence is best chronicled in the Southland and Otago regions of the South Island, centred on the town of Tapanui (Figure 8.10). Here there appears to be evidence for an airburst that flatten trees similar to the Tunguska event. The remains of fallen trees are aligned radially away from the point of explosion out to a distance of 40-80 kilometres. Maori legends in the area tell about the falling of the skies, raging winds and mysterious and massive firestorms from space. The Sun was screened out causing death and decay. Maori names in the region refer to a Tunguska-like explosion. Tapanui, itself, translates as "the big explosion", while Waipahi means "the place of the exploding fire". Place names such as Waitepeka, Kaka Point, and Oweka contain the southern Maori word "ka" which means fire. Some place names put the timing of the fires in the Southern Hemisphere winter around June at the timing of the Taurids. A deluge then followed the widespread fires. One legend states that the Aparima Plains west of Invercargill were flooded. Dimpling on the plain suggests that trees were toppled landward by water from the sea, and Maori place names such as Tainui, Tairoa and Paretai, inland from the ocean, suggest a tsunami was involved because the affix "Tai" translates as "wave". The Maori also attribute the demise of the Moas, as well as their culture, to an extraterrestrial event. The extinction of the Mao is remembered as Manu Whakatau, "the bird felled by strange fire". One Maori song refers to the destruction of the Moa when the horns of the Moon fell down from above. On the North Island, the disappearance of the Moa is linked to the coming of the man/god Tamaatea who set fire to the land by dropping embers from the sky. Remains of Moa on the South Island can be found clustered in swamps as if these flightless birds fled en masse to avoid some catastrophe. Southern Maori legends tell of stones falling from the sky that caused massive firestorms that not only annihilated the Moa, but also Maori culture.

The age when these fires occurred can be determined by radiocarbon dating wood debris from the fires. The dating evidence comes from two sources: buried wood and carbon derived from unconformal layers in swamps and bogs that have been interrupted as fire-induced. These dates traditionally have been interpreted as reflecting the time of deforestation due to Maori occupation in New Zealand. However, many of the dates come from uninhabitable high country that was burnt on a vast scale. The distribution of dates is plotted in Figure 8.3 and spans at least two centuries, with the ages peaking at the beginning of the Fifteenth Century. This wide range in dates is logical knowing that mature trees, already hundreds of years old, burnt. The crucial point is that few ages occur after the Fifteenth Century. The Fires of Tamaatea legend may well have a cosmogenic origin. The peak in dates is synchronous with the highest number of meteor sightings by Chinese and Japanese astronomers for the past two thousand years (Figure 8.3). More importantly, the timing of the fires is also coherent with the occurrence of mega-tsunami along the nearby coastline of Southeast Australia.


EVIDENCE FROM AUSTRALIA (Oliver, 1988; Bryant et al., 1996) The evidence from Australia for cosmogenic mega-tsunami is based upon the magnitude of geomorphic features and their contemporaneously occurrence over a wide region that includes the Tasman Sea and the East Coast of New Zealand. This chronology coincides with the timing of legends and the influx of comets and meteorites over the last millennium. As pointed out in Chapter 1, Australia historically has not been affected significantly by large tsunami. The closest sources for earthquake-generated tsunami lie along the Tonga-New Hebrides Trenches, and the Indonesian Archipelago. An earthquake with a surface magnitude greater than 8.3 on the Richter scale can be generated in the Southwest Pacific every 125 years. The highest tsunami recorded at Sydney since 1870 occurred on 10 May 1877, and had a height of 1.07 metres. The Chilean earthquake of 1868 produced a tsunami height of 1.0 m, while the Chilean earthquake of 22 May 1960 generated a tsunami height of 0.85 metres. On the West Coast, the biggest tsunami run-up measured six metres at Cape Leveque, Western Australia on 19 August 1977 following an Indonesian earthquake. Palaeo-tsunami generated by conventional mechanisms, and larger than these historical events are possible. The proximity of the northwest coastline to the volcanically, and seismically active Indonesian Archipelago makes large tsunami with run-ups of ten metres a distinct possibility. Additionally, the East Coast lies exposed to tsunami generated by earthquakes on seamounts in the Tasman Sea, and along the Alpine Fault running down the West Coast of the South Island of New Zealand. This latter fault last ruptured in the Fifteenth Century before European colonisation of the region. Nor can volcanic activity be ruled out along the East Coast. Active volcanoes lie in the Tonga-Kermadec Trench region north of New Zealand. In AD 1453, a volcanic eruption in Tonga created a crater, 18 km long, 6.5 km wide and 0.8 km deep. The volcano erupted with a force equivalent to twenty thousand Megatons of TNT and produced a tsunami wave, thirty metres high. Finally, local slides off the Australian continental shelf cannot be ignored. A very large submarine landslide mentioned in previous chapters, lies fifty kilometres offshore from the coast south of Sydney. This slide is a prime candidate for the tsunami-deposited barrier described in Chapter 4 along the adjacent coast (Figure 4.1).


MEGA-TSUNAMI EVIDENCE FOR A COSMOGENIC SOURCE (Bryant and Young, 1996; Jones and Mader, 1996; Bryant et al., 1997; Bryant and Nott, 2000) Some of the Australian evidence for tsunami is on a scale much bigger than could possibly be generated by the geophysical processes described in Chapters 5-7. Very few tsunami attributed to these latter types of events have generated anything approaching the bedrock-sculptured s-forms outlined in Chapter 3 (Figure 3.1). For example, while the Lituya Bay landslide of 1958 generated a tsunami that surged 524 m above sea level and obtained velocities of 210 km hr-1, it only cleared soil and glacial debris overlying bedrock on nearby slopes. Only the Storegga slide--and this may be one of Tollmanns' meteorite impacts--produced s-forms similar to that profusely blanketing the rocky headlands of the New South Wales South Coast. Meteorite impacts with the ocean can unequivocally generate the large tsunami necessary for the formation of s-forms. Modelling results, using the SWAN code described in Chapter 2, indicates that a six kilometre diameter asteroid impacting into the central Pacific would produce a tsunami fifteen metres high along the New South Wales Coast. As shown in Table 8.1, much smaller impacts near Australia could also produce waves with this height. Four other signatures also stand out as unique features of cosmogenic tsunami: whirlpools bored in bedrock, imbricated boulders fronting cliffs, mega-ripples, and overwashing of headlands up to 130 m high. Whirlpools bored into bedrock, of the type shown in Figure 3.23, are rare. Isolated bedrock plugs of the type shown on the frontispiece at the front of this book are rarer still. The kolks and tornadic flow necessary to form them have been described in detail in Chapter 3 (Figure 3.25). Suffice it to say here that kolks involve enormous hydraulic lift forces produced by turbulent bursting and steep pressure gradients across vortices. Tornadic flow involves the breakdown of a wide, parent vortex with secondary vortices developing around its circumference. The current speed around the vortex is so high that bedrock can be bored in a matter of minutes. These types of flow can only be produced by cosmogenic tsunami. Imbricated and aligned boulders were also depicted in Chapters 3 and 4 as a signature that uniquely separates the presence of tsunami from storms. While the boulders perched on top of thirty-three metre high cliffs at Jervis Bay are impressive evidence of the high velocity flow that only tsunami can produce (Figure 3.11), it pales in magnitude to other boulder deposits found in the region--namely at Gum Getters Inlet and Mermaids Inlet. At Gum Getters Inlet, angular boulders 6-7 m in diameter have been stacked up to thirty metres above sea level into a small indent in the cliffs (Figure 8.11). It would be tempting to attribute this debris to cliff collapse, but for the fact that the imbricated blocks rise to thetop of the cliffs. The deposit is all the more unusual in that the indent is virtually protected from dominant southeast storm swell. Imbricated blocks of similar size choke the entrances of two narrow and deep gulches at Mermaids Inlet (Figure 8.12). Some of the largest blocks, which are over five metres in length, have not simply dropped from the cliff faces; but, have been rotated 180° and shifted laterally in suspension flow. Not even the 26.2-m high run-up at Riang-Kroko, following the Flores Island tsunami of 12 December 1992, produced the magnitude and degree of organisation of these deposits (Figure 3.5). The depth of overland tsunami flow in the Jervis Bay region has been theorised at 9.5 metres. The boulder features at Gum Getters Inlet are suggestive of even greater flow depths of 15-20 m that only a cosmogenic tsunami could generate. Just as dramatic are the dunes at Crocodile Head, Jervis Bay; and at Sampson Point, Western Australia. Both of these features were described in Chapters 3 and 4. The former lie atop eighty metre high cliffs, have a relief of 6.0-7.5 m and are spaced 160 m apart. They are akin to undulatory-to-lingoidal giant ripples that are features of catastrophic flow such as that observed in the scablands of Washington State. The flow over the dunes at Crocodile Head is theorised to have been 7.5-12.0 m deep, and to have obtained velocities of 6.9-8.1 m s-1. The Sampson Point mega-ripples are gravelly (Figure 4.13), have a wavelength approaching one thousand metres and an amplitude of about five metres. Flow depth here is theorised to have been as great as twenty metres with velocities of over 13 m s-1. More importantly, the mega-ripples occur up to five kilometres from the coast. These mega-ripples have never been described for conventional tsunami and could only have been produced by a cosmogenic event. Finally, there is evidence of tsunami run-up higher and further inland than produced by conventional processes. The largest run-up produced historically by a volcano was ninety metres on 29 August 1741 on the West Coasts of Oshima and Hokkaido Islands, Japan. Santorini may also have had a tsunami wave height of ninety metres, but confirmed evidence for its run-up does not exceed fifty metres above sea level. The largest tsunami run-up generated by an earthquake was one hundred metres on Ambon Island, Indonesia on 17 February 1674. In recent times, an earthquake or submarine landslide off the Sanriku Coast of Japan produced run-up of 38.2 m on 15 June 1896. The highest palaeo-tsunami run-up identified in Australia so far is 130 m at Steamers Beach, Jervis Bay on the crest of a chevron dune. This site has been referred to often in this text. However, this limit is under-estimated because the wave still had enough force not only to flow over the headland and into Jervis Bay; but also to transport large boulders along a ramp inside the bay. The estimated flow velocity derived from these boulders using Equation 3.8 is 7.9 m s-1. The potential for higher run-up may have been exceeded at Sampson Point. Here a palaeo-tsunami originating from the Indian Ocean overran hills, sixty metres high, lying five kilometres inland.


ABORIGINAL LEGENDS OF COMETS (Peck, 1938; Jones and Donaldson, 1989; Johnson, 1998) This book began with a story based upon Aboriginal legends about a meteorite impact. Many of these legends are concentrated in the southeast corner of Australia, where some of the best signatures of large tsunami are preserved. As with Gervasse's description of the meteor impact with the Moon on 19 June AD 1178, the Aboriginal legend in Chapter 1 mentions that the moon rocked. There are also similarities with the Maori legend of the Fires of Tamaatea. In both, stars, fire and stones fell from the sky, and there was a thunderous explosion. Further inland in New South Wales, the Paakantji tribe, near Wilcannia on the Darling River, also tell of the sky falling. A great thunderous ball of fire descended from the sky scattering molten rock of many colours. As in the Maori legend of New Zealand, floods then followed this event. The floods may have been the consequence of millions of tonnes of seawater, vapourised by a meteorite impact with the ocean, condensing and falling as rain. In South Australia, another legend tells of stars falling to Earth to make the circular lagoons fringing the coast. Finally, it is curious that when Europeans made contact with Aboriginal coastal tribes in Western Australia, they noted that the Aborigines avoided the coast, and made little attempt to use it for food, even though there was evidence of past usage in the form of large, shell kitchen middens. As described in Chapter 4, the biggest mega-tsunami to affect Australia occurred on the West Australia Coast within the last one thousand years, before European occupation. Perhaps the most intriguing legend along the Southeast Coast of Australia is the story of the eastern sky falling. Aborigines south of Sydney believed that the sky was held up on supports, and that these gave way on the eastern side. One version refers to the ocean as belonging to the sky. The ocean had fallen down wiping out Aboriginal culture. Some tribes were even requested by others to send tribute to the east to be given to the spirit people in charge of holding up the sky, so that it could be repaired. Archaeological evidence for tsunami and its impact on Aboriginal culture also exists along this coast. One of the deposition signatures of tsunami mentioned in Chapter 3 was the presence of disturbed, Aboriginal kitchen middens, that form a special case of dump deposit more than ten metres above sea level on some rocky headlands. At Atcheson Rock, sixty kilometres south of Sydney (Figure 3.20), tsunami overwashed a 20-25 m high headland, boring whirlpools into the sides. The wave was travelling so fast that it separated from the headland and made contacted with the sea 100-200 m on the lee side in a bay. Flow separation caused profuse amounts of coarse sediment to drop from the flow under gravity, and be deposited on the lee side of the headland. On the far side of the bay, a dump deposit contains numerous silcrete hand axes and shaped blades that came from an Aboriginal camp at the head of the embayment. Aborigines in this camp initially would have heard, but not seen, the tsunami approaching. Their first indication of disaster would have been when they looked up and saw the ocean dropping down on them from the sky, as the tsunami wave surged over the headland. Dating of the deposits at Atcheson Rock indicates that the meteorite-induced tsunami occurred within the last six hundred years, rather than in some distant Dreamtime. Archaeological research has shown that Aboriginal culture changed dramatically along this coast about five hundred years ago. Instead of continuing their profuse gathering of marine shells for food, Aborigines switched to fishing. If a tsunami wave had the force to sweep over 130 m high headlands in the region, then it would have been powerful enough to clear all marine shells from rock platforms. The event necessitated a change in lifestyle by Aborigines simply to survive starvation. There is also evidence from increased usage of rock shelters, that Aborigines moved inland around this time. While interpreted as an indication of increasing population, it could also indicate abandonment of a dangerous coast similar that observed in West Australia. More physical and legendary evidence of tsunami comes from South Australia. Here, mainland Aborigines tell about Ngurunderi who was a great, moody ancestral figure who lived in the sky. Long ago his two wives left him, and he came down from the sky to find them. He eventually found his wives wading in the water between Kangaroo Island and the mainland of South Australia. He was so angry that he decided to punish his wives. He ordered the sea to rise up as an enormous tidal wave and drown them. Noisily, the water rushed in so fast that it quickly drowned his wives who were turned into stone. Their remains can be seen off the coast of Cape Jervis as rocks called the Two Sisters. The history of Aboriginal occupation of Kangaroo Island remains enigmatic. The island shows extensive evidence of Aboriginal occupancy; but, when the first European, Matthew Flinders, landed on the island in 1802, it was totally unoccupied. Mainland Aborigines call Kangaroo Island, Kanga--the Island of the Dead. The coastline also evinces signatures of cosmogenic tsunami. Most significant are enormous, bored whirlpools on the northern coast of the island, where the Aboriginal legend is set. The features are larger than those found at Atcheson Rock. In addition, there are vortex-carved caves and massive piles of imbricated boulders, some over four metres in diameter, near promontories. The Island of the Dead may be just that--evidence of another, tragic, cosmogenic tsunami witnessed by Australian Aborigines before European occupation, and then documented by the few survivors in legend form.


CHRONOLOGICAL EVIDENCE (Asher et al., 1994; Steel, 1995; Young et al., 1997; Estensen, 1998; Bryant and Nott, 2000) At present, no evidence has been found of a meteorite or comet impact linked to the signatures of mega-tsunami along the South Coast of New South Wales. Nor may any be found because it does not take a large meteorite impact in the ocean to produce the size of tsunami responsible for the observed evidence. Meteorite impacts also tend not to leave a crater on the seabed. For example, no crater for the Eltanin Meteorite has yet been found despite its four-kilometre diameter. However, the timing of tsunami events can be approximated using radiocarbon dating of marine shell deposited in dump deposits and sand layers, and attached to boulders transported by tsunami. Radiocarbon dating is only accurate for events that are older than 460 years. At least twenty dates have been obtained from the New South Wales South Coast. In addition, three samples related to tsunami were obtained from Lord Howe Island situated in the Tasman Sea halfway between Australia and New Zealand (Figure 8.10). At least ten additional dates were too young to be plotted. Each radiocarbon age is reported as an age with an error term. This information can be used to construct a probability distribution of dates for that sample. An overall time series was then constructed by summing these probabilities for all samples. For presentation purposes, this time series has been standardised to a maximum value of one. The resulting time series spanning the last ten thousand years is plotted in Figure 8.13, while that for the last two thousand years is plotted in more detail in the bottom panel of Figure 8.3. Six separate tsunami events can be recognised over the past 8,000 years with peaks at 7500 BC, 5000 BC, 3300 BC, 500-2000 BC, AD 500 and AD 1500. There may be more events than this; but, until further dating, it is impossible to know whether or not the broad sequence of dates between 500-2000 BC represents a single event or many. This later timespan includes an impact event in the Middle East dated around 1600 BC. Reference to fire and stones falling from the sky appear in the Bible and other manuscripts written around this time. The record, however, doesn't show any evidence for a Bronze Age event around 2350 BC that is believed to have destroyed civilisations simultaneously in Europe, the Middle East, India and China. Nor do any of the dates cluster around the time of Tollmanns' Deluge Comet impact event 8,200 ±200 years ago. This may be due to the poor preservation potential of shell material this old, or to the removal of such material by subsequent tsunami. However, thermoluminescence dating of sand layers deposited by tsunami, on the New South Wales South Coast, indicate that a major discontinuity in sedimentation occurred 8,700 ± 800 years ago. This hiatus is within the timespan of Tollmanns' Deluge Comet impact event. The New South Wales event peaking in AD 1500 appears to be the largest as it is associated with overtopping of the headland, 130 m high, at Steamers Beach, Jervis Bay. Because no large tsunami has been reported along the New South Wales Coast since European settlement in 1788, the shell samples that are too young for radiocarbon dating allude to a small, but significant, tsunami event in the early Eighteenth Century. The peak of the AD 1500 tsunami event corresponds with the largest number of meteorite observations for the past two millennia (Figure 8.3). In addition, the peak at AD 500 corresponds with a clustering of meteorite sightings that is believed by astronomers to be one of the most significant over this timespan in the Northern Hemisphere. Both of these clusterings are associated with the Taurid complex. Furthermore, the event around AD 1500 coincides with the calibrated ages for the Fires of Tamaatea across the Tasman Sea on the South Island of New Zealand. As well, the tsunami event at Atcheson Rock that accounts for the Aboriginal legend of the ocean falling from the sky occurred at this time, as does the age of the meandering backwash channels on the Shoalhaven Delta forty kilometres to the south (Figure 4.3). Other main sightings of meteorites from the Northern Hemisphere correspond with minor peaks in the Southeast Australian tsunami chronology. It would appear that meteorite, rather than comet impacts, correspond to the Australian chronology for tsunami. The two minor clusters of meteorite activity between 1640 and 1800 may have produced cosmogenic tsunami that account not only for evidence of a pre-European event in New South Wales, but also for tsunami identified in Chapter 4 along the Northwest Coasts of West Australia and Northeast Queensland. The lack of any mega-tsunami event since AD 1788--the time of first European settlement--may only be fortuitous. Based upon the data for the last two millennia, there is a fifty-percent probability that such an event could occur again in the next half century. The events between the Fifteenth and Eighteenth Centuries preceded European colonisation in Australia; however, they coincide with European exploration around the continent and Dutch colonisation in Indonesia. In the Eighteenth Century, without the means of determining longitude, merchant ships of the Dutch East Indian Company made their way to the colonial city of Batavia in Indonesia by sailing straight across the Indian Ocean until they sighted the Australian coastline, and then turning north. They would have sailed by the Northwest Coast of West Australia around the time a cosmogenic tsunami struck that coast. Many ships in pursuit of exploration and commerce were loss and presumed shipwrecked; but, without hard evidence, it is best to put these losses down to storms. Two shipwrecks in Australia stand out as unusual. The first relates to the Mahogany ship now buried in sand dunes well above sea level at Warrnambool, Victoria. In 1521, three Portuguese caravels under the leadership of Cristoväo de Mendonça sailed on a secret mission from Malacca, East Indies to explore the Australian coastline. The reason for the secrecy was the intense competition between Spain and Portugal for world domination. Only one of Mendonça's ships made it back. Any record of his expedition disappeared into the secret Portuguese archives in Lisbon where no one has seen them since. It is unlikely that they survived the earthquake and subsequent fire of 1755. In 1836, a mahogany ship was discovered, washed inland well above the limit of storm waves, near Warrnambool, on an isolated part of the Victorian Coast of southern Australia (Figure 8.10). The first Europeans known to have landed on this coast made the discovery. Unfortunately, the stranded ship was buried in shifting sands by 1880, never to be seen again. Intriguingly, evidence suggests that Mendonça did reach and map the South Coast of Australia. This evidence comes from the Dieppe maps, first published in the mid-1500s. They show remarkably detailed coastline down the East Coast of Australia and across the South Coast of Australia. The maps terminate at Warrnambool, Victoria! How the Mahogany ship managed to get into the sand dunes has remained an arcanum ever since. The second shipwreck involves the Zuytdorp, a Dutch East India Company merchant vessel that was part of a convoy supplying the Dutch East Indies at regular intervals. In June-July 1712, the Zuytdorp crashed into the cliffs off Northwest Cape, Western Australia (Figure 3.2). Debris, including the ship's bell, was scattered amongst masses of boulders up cliffs rising seventy metres above sea level--well above the limits of storm waves. The ship struck the reefs at the base of the cliffs suddenly, because all six of its anchors were found intact without having been set, as would have been the case if the ship had been caught in a storm. Interestingly, the top of the cliffs is covered in a dump deposit of shell, sand and angular gravels that has been misinterpreted by many anthropologists as an Aboriginal kitchen midden. The dates for both the Mahogany and Zuytdorp shipwrecks fit within temporal windows for two cosmogenic tsunami around the Australian Coast based upon radiocarbon dating. There is controversy about the size of tsunami that can be generated by meteorite impacts. Also, if one examines the geological record, the theorised distribution of tsunami wave heights, calculated using one of the formula leaning towards higher estimates, shows that cosmogenic tsunami have not been big enough to be a dominant force shaping the world's coastal landscape. On the other hand, there is plenty of evidence to indicate that some coastlines--mainly around Australia--have been affected by sufficient depth and velocity of water to transport boulders to the tops of cliffs 33 m high, deposit sandy bedforms on cliffs 80 m high, overwash headlands up to 130 m above sea level, and breech hills 60 m high lying five kilometres inland. Similar evidence in the form of bedrock sculpturing can also be found along the coastlines of New Zealand and Northeastern Scotland. Two factors involving meteorite impacts with the ocean may account for the discrepancy between theory and fact. For example, meteorites of varying density and less than one kilometre in diameter can fragment and undergo distortion before striking the ocean. If this is the case, craters ten times larger than the radius of the original asteroid or comet may dimple the ocean, creating a tsunami larger than could be produced by an unaltered meteorite. Secondly, large amounts of water and heated vapour can be flung into the ocean and tossed significant distances away from the centre of an impact (Figure 8.4). This high velocity, air-borne splash may not only explain the inland flooding mentioned in many comet legends, but also account for erosion of bedrock and emplacement of dump deposits on headlands and clifftops. Research on this aspect is in its infancy. Finally, the threat of splash or impact-related tsunami from meteorites may be alarmist. If coherent catastrophism is associated with the Taurid complex, then apart from the odd random Earth-crossing meteor or comet, the next large influx of meteorites will not occur until around the year AD 3000. The overall risk of all types of tsunami and society's mitigation of the threat will be discussed in the next chapter. Figure 8.3 Incidence of comets and meteorites, and related phenomena, between AD 0-1800. The meteorite records for China and Japan are based upon Hasegawa (1992), while meteorite records for Europe come from Rasmussen (1991). Peak occurrences are shaded. The Asian comet record is based upon Hasegawa (1992). The calibrated radiocarbon dates under the Mystic Fires of Tamaatea are from Mooley et al. (1963) for forest wood and from McGlone and Wilmshurst (1999) for peats and bogs. The radiocarbon dates of prehistoric tsunami events in Australia are based upon the author's published work and other acknowledged research. See text for more details. >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> _____________________________________________________________________ REFERENCES Asher, D.J., Clube, S.V.M., Napier, W.M. and Steel, D.I. 1994. Coherent catastrophism. Vistas in Astronomy v. 38 pp. 1-27. Bryant, E. and Nott, J. 2000. Geological indicators of large tsunami in Australia. Natural Hazards (in press). Bryant, E. and Young, R.W. 1996. Bedrock-sculpturing by tsunami, South Coast New South Wales, Australia. Journal Geology v. 104 pp. 565-582. Bryant, E., Young, R.W. and Price, D. 1996. Tsunami as a major control on coastal evolution, Southeastern Australia. Journal of Coastal Research v. 12 pp. 831-840. Bryant, E., Young, R.W., Price, D., Wheeler, D. and Pease, M.I. 1997. The impact of tsunami on the coastline of Jervis Bay, southeastern Australia. Physical Geography v. 18 pp. 441-460. Estensen, M. 1998. Discovery: The quest for the Great South Land. Allen and Unwin, Sydney, 286p. Hasegawa, I. 1992. Historical variation in the meteor flux as found in Chinese and Japanese chronicles. Celestial Mechanics and Dynamical Astronomy v. 54 pp.129-142. Johnson, D. 1998. Night Skies of Aboriginal Australia: A noctuary. Oceania Monograph No. 47, University of Sydney, Sydney, 147p. Jones, A.T. and Mader, C.L. 1996. Wave erosion on the southeastern coast of Australia: tsunami propagation modelling. Australian Journal Earth Sciences v. 43 pp. 479-483. Jones, D. and Donaldson, K. 1989. The story of the falling star. Aboriginal Studies Press, Canberra, 94p. Kristan-Tollmann, E. and Tollmann, A. 1992. Der Sintflut-Impakt (The Flood impact). Mitteilungen Der Österreichischen Geographischen Gesellschaft v. 84 pp. 1-63. McGlone, M.S. and Wilmshurst, J.M. 1999. Dating initial Maori environmental impact in New Zealand. Quaternary International v. 59 pp. 5-16. Mooley, B.P.J., Burrows, C.J., Cox, J.E., Johnston, J.A. and Wardle, P. 1963. Distribution of subfossil forest remains Eastern South Island, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Botany v. 1 pp.68-77. Oliver, J. 1988. Natural hazards In Jeans, D.N. (Ed.) Australia: a geography. Sydney University Press. pp. 283-314. Peck, C.W. 1938. Australian legends. Lothian, Melbourne, 234p. Rasmussen, K.L. 1991. Historical accretionary events from 800 BC to AD 1750: Evidence for Planetary rings around the Earth? Quarterly Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society v. 32 pp. 25-34. Steel, D. 1995. Rogue Asteroids and Doomsday Comets. Wiley, New York, 308p. Steel, D. and Snow, P. 1992. The Tapanui region of New Zealand: Site of a 'Tunguska' around 800 years ago? In Harris, A. and Bowell, E. (Eds.) Asteroids, Comets, Meteors 1991. Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston, pp. 569-572. Young, R., Bryant E., Price D.M.,, Dilek, S.Y., and Wheeler, D.J. 1997. Chronology of Holocene tsunamis on the southeastern coast of Australia. Transactions Japanese Geomorphological Union v. 18 pp. 1-19 Copyright 2001, Cambridge University Press


Wierd News Articles

Surfing the Wierd HOME NEWS DIRECTOR MESSENGER SITE INDEX LINKS CONTACT[Photo] [Photo][Photo] IRAAP[Photo] INFORMATION[Photo] NEWS [Photo] FEATURES [Photo] CONTRIBUTORS [Photo] CONSPIRACY [Photo] LINKS [Photo] CONTACT US [Photo]_STNS.UI.oUIs['stUI2'].fbInit();_STNS.UI.oUIs['stUI2'].fbShow(); [Photo]MAY 2006 NEWS ARCHIVES:[Photo]

INDEX OF ARTICLES:--click on any title to go directly to the article, click on the article title to return to this list--


IMPLANT RESULTED AFTER AN ABDUCTIONG writes; "I am getting an alien implant removed in the coming weeks." The implant resulted after an abduction experience. I have X-rays of the object. It is located in my right foot between the ankle joint. The doctors all said it was something that was left over from a prior surgery; the problem is I've never had foot surgery, or any other kind of surgery for that matter. I do not know where the object is in reference to the nerves in my foot, but I do get vibrations in the area of the object, and also throughout my entire body. The last two fingers on my left hand have now gone numb as well, and my left arm seems to twitch a lot. I have a constant spasm throughout my body (mostly in my legs). The surgery will be videotaped. The object will be sent to the proper labs for analysis, as well as skin tissue to be sent for pathology tests. I will also be working with a hypnotherapist after the surgery, and this too will be videotaped by an Emmy award-winning film producer. The investigators I am working with have been in this field for many years, and have the credentials. After all these things are done, the object, (metallic in nature) will be returned to me. I've just recently had time to think about all this, and concluded that I really do not feel comfortable with having this object after all the tests are finished. The entire experience has not been a pleasant one for me, and I just want to get on with my life. I am open to the idea of selling this object. If you have any interest, or know of anyone who does, please feel free to contact me via email. Of course, all the tests / video / audio will be included with the object to show proof. - Thanks, "G" SOURCE: Filer's Files #20 - 17 May 2006 [Photo]

ALIEN ABDUCTION REPORTSThis website contains detailed accounts of alien abduction experiences and UFO sightings. "Whereas the truth involving claims of alien abduction is unverifiable, all extraterrestrial experiences published on this site are actual reports received by the administration of this website. This website truthfully shares the information it receives and does not fabricate nor exaggerate any report." On this site, you can report or read about alien abduction reports and UFO sightings. You can also chat live with other abductees, search archived reports. SOURCE:[Photo] X-15 FILMS UFOsX-15 with fuel tanks, UFO in upper left of photo. Walker, the X-15 pilot, after attaining the world speed record 3,370 mph in the rocket powered plane on May 25, 1961, admitted that one of his tasks was to look for UFOs during his flights in the X-15. He filmed some objects during another record breaking flight in April 1962. SOURCE: Filer's Files #18 - 2 May 2006 [Photo]

SOMETHING FOLLOWS JET AIRCRAFT50 MILES SOUTH OF DES MOINES, IOWAMay 24, 2006 8:39 p.m. Hi Brian, In the evening of Wednesday May 24, 2006 while sitting and reading I saw a plane traveling from the east heading in a south westerly direction. It was at a high altitude of over 30,000 feet and appeared to be an ordinary 4 engine large jet plane. The engines produced the white smoke that is seen coming from a high altitude jet, and it had 4 distinctive plumes, 2 from each wing. The wings were visible, though very small at this distance. It appeared to be about 50 miles south of Des Moines, Iowa. I went back to my reading after it was out of my sight, I had first noticed it looking out my back window, that face's East. In a minute or so something else caught my eye that was in the same location as when I first noticed the jet that had just passed. Again it was about 30,000 or higher and it was about the same size as the jet that just passed. This object had no wings that I could see and the stranger thing was that it had no engine exhaust plume of any type. I went outside and looked to the South West. I could see the original jet with it's exhaust plume and then again I looked up and looked at this fuselage looking object with no plume at all. It seemed to be "Tailing" this jet that was about 10 miles or more ahead of it. It appeared as if it was following the jet because it was tracking at what seemed to be the same altitude and also heading in a South Westerly direction, and was going the same speed as the jet in front of it. It looked as if it was following right in the track of the jet. After the jet and this object left my range of vision I came into the house and noted that it was 8:39 pm. SOURCE: UFO Recently Reported Sightings Brian Vike, Director hbccufo@telus.netWebsite: HBCC UFO [Photo]

INDIANA: FIGHTER JETS, LIGHTSGrissom AFB -- I was driving northbound on State Road 39 on the evening of April 19, 2006. It was a clear night and I could see stars everywhere in the sky. I was driving into Frankfort, about 35-40 miles southwest of Grissom AFB. While I was driving I noticed a bright light in the sky just slightly west of the road. There were also two "lines" in the sky running parallel to each other. They ran from east to west and looked like flashlights lights. They were not as high in the sky as an airplane would fly. I turned onto a county road so I could stop and watch for the light. What I noticed was the light moving sporadically, not in a straight line like an airplane. The light went away and reappeared five seconds later and spread out on either side into a semi-circular shape, and there ended up being about seven lights. The lights were bright yellow, then turned to a bluish tint. The lights were motionless and were only present for approximately three seconds, after the three seconds all of the lights immediately went away. Before I witnessed the lights, I noticed several airplane lights (red and blue flashers) in the sky. After the lights in question went away, there were no airplane lights visible. About 45 seconds to one minute later, I noticed two lights moving parallel to one another (fighter jets) extremely fast towards the area where I witnessed the semi-circle of lights. Once the jets were gone, other airplanes returned. The entire experience lasted for about 10 minutes. One of my friends witnessed the same thing I did. Thanks to Brian Vike SOURCE: Filer's Files #18 - 2 May 2006[Photo] NEW STONE RELIEFS DISCOVERED IN JIROFT, IRAN

Recent archaeological excavations in Kenar Sandal area in Jiroft resulted in the discovery of two stone reliefs. The reliefs depict two men with snake tails instead of legs. "These reliefs were carved on soapstone. They are 25 by 17 centimeter in size with a thickness of about 1.5 centimeters," said Yousof Majidzadeh, head of the excavation team in Jiroft. "This is the first time that such stone reliefs illustrating snake-men have been discovered in this historical site. However, scorpion-like human beings and eagle reliefs had previously been discovered in this historical site. These stone reliefs were carved on a flat stone cliff, and there are 12 circles on the arms of each of them. Most probably, it had an entertainment usage some 5000 years ago, something like today's backgammon. These circles are carved around the arms and the chests of the carved images. Similar instruments were seen in Burnt City as well, and archeologists believe that these must have been objects built for playing games," added Majidzadeh. Some of these stone relics were plundered during the illegal excavations by the smugglers and were taken out the country. According to Majidzadeh these new discoveries can be used as a proof for Iran's claim over these relics in international courts. Iran has asked for an international court to redeem its stolen historical relics mostly from Jiroft and bring them back to the country. Halil Rud historical site near Jiroft was one of the first places where civilization and urbanization were established. Studies on this historical site indicate that the region, especially the ancient city of Kenar-Sandal in near Halil Rud, was the commercial link between Afghanistan, Pakistan, Tajikistan, countries of the Persian Gulf region, and Transoxiana some 5000 years ago. So far, 120 historical sites have been discovered so far on the 400-kilometer basinof Halil Rud River. A large number of stone, clay, and architectural remains from the third millennium BC were discovered during archeological excavations in the site. Illegal excavations of the smugglers in this historical site resulted in the loss of some invaluable evidence. These historical treasures were then sold to museums and private collections outside the country. Therefore, Iran's government has asked an international court to be set up to identify these relics. Archaeologists believe that the recent discovery of the snake-men not only proves that this region was the cradle of civilization more that 5000 years ago, it also can be used as another document to prove Iran's rightness in international courts. © SOURCE: PAG E-NEWS: May 8

NEW GIANT PICTURE FOUND ON PERU'S NAZCA PLATEAUA new giant picture on the Nazca Plateau in Peru, which is famous for giant patterns that can be seen from the air, has been discovered by a team of Japanese researchers. The image is 65 meters long, and appears to be an animal with horns. It is thought to have been drawn as a symbol of hopes for good crops, but there are no similar patterns elsewhere, and the type of the animal remains unclear. The discovery marks the first time since the 1980s that a picture other than a geometrical pattern has been found on the Nazca Plateau. The picture was found by a team of researchers including Masato Sakai, an associate professor at Yamagata University, after they analyzed images from a U.S. commercial satellite. They confirmed it was a previously undiscovered picture in a local survey in March this year. It is located at the south of the Nazca Plateau, and apparently went undiscovered since few tourist planes pass over the area. There is evidence that vehicles had driven in the area, and part of the picture is destroyed. Two parts of the picture, that appear to be horns, bear close resemblance to those that appear on earthenware dating from 100 BCE to 600 CE, during the time when the Nazca kingdom flourished, and it is thought that they relate to fertility rites. The research team will use images from the advanced land-observing satellite "Daichi," which was launched by the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency in January this year, to create a distribution map of images on the earth that can be seen from the air. "We want to identify all the images, and work to preserve earth pictures that are gradually being destroyed," Sakai said. Most of the newly-found designs were in the southern part of the Nazca plateau, which is away from the major tourist area to the north where hundreds of images have been discovered, Sakai added. SOURCE: Mainichi Daily News, AFP, Yahoo! News (20 April 2006) E-NEWS: May 17 ~AND~ [Photo] NAZCA PHOTOS DEEPEN MYSTERYThe Nazca Lines have been a source of mystery and dispute since their discovery in southern Peru nearly a century ago. So why should the latest find be any different? Japanese enthusiasts recently released new aerial photographs of figures etched in the ground of the Nazca region, adding a fresh dollop of wonder to the giant geometric patterns and animal drawings that scientists say the Nazca Indians created as many as 2,000 years ago. Peruvian officials expressed excitement about the announcement. But Nazca experts said the Japanese discoveries might merely be good photographs of previously known lines. 'Saying these figures are new is a risk,' said Josue Lancho Rojas, a Nazca historian and writer. 'You cannot say at this time that there are any virgin sites.' Even if the Japanese figures are not new, the announcement exposed shortcomings in Nazca scholarship. And it raised new questions about the Peruvian government's commitment to sophisticated scientific study. Largely undocumented There is no central catalog detailing the hundreds of lines and figures already mapped and measured. There is no database for archeologists or, for that matter, a team headed by a literature professor from Yamagata University in Japan, to refer to when trying to piece together the history of the Nazca. 'There are two consequences to this `discovery,' one positive and one negative,' Lancho said. 'The positive is that a lot of tourists are going to come to Nazca now, eager to see the new figures. 'The negative is that once again it shows that the National Institute of Culture has no central registry of the geoglyphs.' Putting together such a list would not be difficult, experts said, but it would take time and money. Though the Peruvian government profits greatly from the international tourists who come to Nazca to fly over the lines for a dizzying display of ancient accomplishment, Peruvian officials say they could not afford such a project. 'The government should open its doors and say that all the scientists of the world, all the foundations, are invited to come and work,' Lancho said. 'But the Peruvian government puts up too many obstacles to projects.' Though the Nazca have been studied for decades, rich areas of research remain, said Giuseppe Orefici, director of the Italian Center for Pre-Columbian Archeological Studies and Research. One example is the painstaking excavation of the Cahuachi complex, the Nazca's ceremonial and administrative center. Though Orefici's team has gathered a treasure of artifacts and a wealth of knowledge amid its pyramids and esplanade, Cahuachi is little noticed outside select archeological circles. The Nazca emerged as a distinct civilization about 200 years after the time of Jesus and flourished for centuries until the Wari Indians usurped them in the 800s. The Nazca created a system of aqueducts still used today. They were skilled with textiles and ceramics. And they were prolific illustrators in the sand, gravel and dirt of their Pacific Coast region. There are the best-known figures: The hummingbird and the monkey. The spider, the whale and the humanoid figure dubbed 'The Astronaut.' Trapezoids, circles and long, straight lines seem to be everywhere around Nazca. The famous figures are clear even to the untrained eye. But other lines take work, and sometimes luck, to detect. Whether a figure shows up clearly depends on several factors. Winds take sand and dirt and dust over the plains and hills that were called home by the Nazca and their ancestors, the Paracas. How sunlight falls on the earth affects visibility, so some figures can be spotted only at certain times of the day. Having a good pilot who knows where and how to look helps too. Some difficult to spot The Japanese, for example, needed several flights to identify their figures. Among their more striking images: what appears to be an animal with horns, measuring nearly 200 feet long. A hummingbird they recorded might prove more interesting to science, however. A Chilean colleague of Orefici's noted that bird's genitalia appeared different from that on other Nazca hummingbirds. Perhaps this was connected to fertility, the scientist speculated. Such theories go to the heart of what makes the Nazca Lines so compelling. Science has debunked the idea that beings from outer space made the lines. The Nazca were capable of designing the figures using a grid and template system, experts have shown, and the execution of the lines using ropes, sticks and rocks is not complicated. The Nazca used the lines in ceremonies, experts say, and some probably are connected to a calendar. But believers in extraterrestrials still are drawn to Nazca. And even many non-believers find something otherworldly about the place. Orefici is rueful about how talk of UFOs or 'new' Nazca lines garners more attention than a critical dig at the Grand Pyramid of Cahuachi. But he understands it too. 'The Nazca Lines are interesting because they create dreams,' said Orefici, an Italian who has studied in Peru for 30 years and curates the Antonini Museum in Nazca. 'It doesn't matter whether I can say they are completely wrong. This is what people want. 'To be able to dream, to leave normal life for a little bit,' Orefici said. 'This is a beautiful part of the geoglyphs.' SOURCE: Chicago Tribune Journal 5/26/06 #367 [Photo] 'BRAZILIAN STONEHENGE' DISCOVEREDBy Steve Kingstone BBC News, Sao Paulo Brazilian archaeologists have found an ancient stone structure in a remote corner of the Amazon that may cast new light on the region's past. The site, thought to be an observatory or place of worship, pre-dates European colonization and is said to suggest a sophisticated knowledge of astronomy. Its appearance is being compared to the English site of Stonehenge. It was traditionally thought that before European colonization, the Amazon had no advanced societies. Winter solstice The archaeologists made the discovery in the state of Amapa, in the far north of Brazil. A total of 127 large blocks of stone were found driven into the ground on top of a hill. Well preserved and each weighing several tons, the stones were arranged upright and evenly spaced. It is not yet known when the structure was built, but fragments of indigenous pottery found at the site are thought to be 2,000 years old. What impressed researchers was the sophistication of the construction. The stones appear to have been laid out to help pinpoint the winter solstice, when the sun is at its lowest in the sky. It is thought the ancient people of the Amazon used the stars and phases of the moon to determine crop cycles. Although the discovery at Amapa is being compared to Stonehenge, the ancient stone circle in southern England, the English site is considerably older. It is thought to have been erected some time between 3000 and 1600 BC. SOURCE: ~AND~ [Photo] ANOTHER STONEHENGE IN BRAZIL15-May-2006Several years ago on Dreamland we interviewed two researchers who had evidence that prehistoric man traveled long distances by sea. The famous Stonehenge in England is between 4,000 and 5,000 years old, and Stonehenge-type calendars have been found in other places, all over the world. Now a structure which is similar to Stonehenge and which is at least 2,000 years old, has been found in South America. The Brazilian observatory was made from 127 ten-foot-high blocks of granite, which are positioned on the ground to mark the winter solstice. In the web site, archaeologist Mariana Petry Cabral is quoted as saying, "Only a society with a complex culture could have built such a monument." In December, the sun passes through a small hole in one of the blocks, marking the winter solstice, or return of sunlight to the earth for a new growing season. Author and explorer Graham Hancock thinks the Brazilian Stonehenge may be even older. He says, "I wonder on what basis they think it is just 2,000 years old. It's very difficult to date megalithic sites and it seems they are dating it on the basis of ceramic fragments found nearby, which could have been dropped there anytime. What is really needed is something datable from an undisturbed stratum immediately underneath one of the megaliths. Then they would be in a position to comment responsibly on the age of this structure. I bet it turns out in the end to be a lot older than 2,000 years." SOURCE: [Photo] BOSNIA 'PYRAMIDS' BEAR GAZA MARKSMay 18, 2006SARAJEVO - An Egyptian geologist who has joined Bosnian researchers unearthing what are thought to be Europe's first pyramids believes they bear similar hallmarks to the ancient structures in his homeland, an official said. Aly Abd Alla Barakat, of the Egyptian Mineral Resources Authority, believes large stone blocks found near Sarajevo were man-made and polished in the same way as the pyramids of Giza, said the Bosnian Pyramid Foundation's Mario Gerussi. "Barakat has also found the presence of a special material linking the stone blocks which is identical to that used for pyramids in Giza," he added. Barakat had extensive knowledge of the pyramids in Giza and had been recommended for the Bosnian mission by Zahi Hawass, one of the world's foremost Egyptologists, said Gerussi. Over the next month, he is to work with Bosnian experts at Visoko valley, some 30 kilometers north of Sarajevo, which is believed to be hiding three major pyramids. Since the digging work began in mid-April on one of the three hills there believed contain pyramids, researchers have unearthed a number of large stone blocks. Semir Osmanagic, a self-styled Bosnian explorer who initiated the work, says he believes the blocks are part of a pyramid's surface. Previously, satellite images showed that the hills in the valley cooled a lot faster than their surroundings, proving the substance of the structures was less dense and therefore probably made by men. Also, the structures are precisely aligned with the four points of the compass. The excavation work at Visoko, led by the foundation of local archaeologists and volunteers, will last 200 days and is expected to cost some 125,000 euros (160,000 dollars). While most Bosnians are hopeful the pyramids will be found, a group of the country's archaeologists and historians have dismissed Osmanagic's mission as a "farce." SOURCE: The Sunday Times Journal 5/26/06 #367 ~AND~ [Photo] THE BOSNIAN PYRAMID OF THE SUN taller than Egypt's Giza PyramidVISOCICA HILL --This is the first European pyramid to be discovered and is located in the heart of Bosnia, in the town of Visoko. The pyramid has four perfectly shaped slopes pointing toward the cardinal points, a flat top and an entrance complex. Archaeologists in late April unearthed the first solid evidence that an ancient pyramid lies hidden beneath a massive hill. Digging revealed large stone blocks on one side of the pyramid that were geometrically cut stone slabs could form part of the structure's sloping surface. "These are the first uncovered walls of the pyramid," said Semir Osmanagic, a Bosnian archaeologist who studied the pyramids of Latin America for 15 years. Leading geologists from Egypt have confirmed that the pyramidal structure discovered near the town of Visocica is a pyramid. It has been named the "Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun" because of its similarities to the Pyramid of the Sun in Teotihuacan, Mexico. There are also three smaller pyramids on the site. We found a paved entrance plateau and discovered underground tunnels. Tunnels have revealed writing similar to arrows and the letter E. The pyramid also resembles those on Mars and Martian symbols. JPL/NASA photo by Mars Rover © www.bosnianpyramid.comSOURCE: Filer's Files #22 - 31 May 2006 [Photo] COMET WILL MISS EARTHChunks of a comet currently splitting into pieces in the night sky will not strike the Earth, nor will it spawn killer tsunamis and mass extinctions, NASA officials said Thursday. The announcement, NASA hopes, will squash rumors that a fragment of the crumbling Comet 73P/Schwassmann-Wachmann 3 (SW 3) will slam into Earth just before Memorial Day. "There are some Internet stories going around that there's going to be an impact on May 25," NASA spokesperson Grey Hautaluoma, told "We just want to get the facts out." Astronomers have been observing 73P/Schwassmann-Wachmann 3, a comet that circles the Sun every 5.4 years, for more than 75 years and are confident that any of the icy object's fragments will remain at least a distant 5.5 million miles (8.8 million kilometers) from Earth – more than 20 times the distance to the Moon – at closest approach between May 12 and May 28. Thanks to Tariq Malik, SOURCE: Filer's Files #20 - 17 May 2006 [Photo] IS THERE AN ASTEROID IN OUR FUTURE?16-May-2006The answer is yes—but not for about a hundred years: on May 4, 2102 to be exact, when the asteroid known as 2004 VD17 is scheduled to come close to earth. By then, NASA may be able to fight it off by firing a spacecraft into it to deflect it from crashing into the earth. Despite the fact that an asteroid impact wiped out an entire species (the dinosaurs) around 65 million years ago, the odds are that something else, like global warming, will get us first. Small asteroids hit the Earth every few hundred years, but their effects can be deadly, as happened in the case of the dinosaurs. An asteroid that hit Siberia in 1908 had the force of 1,000 atomic bombs. The area it hit was unpopulated. The leading causes of death in the US are heart disease, cancer, stroke, respiratory diseases and accidents. Disasters like tsunamis are so rare, they are statistically negligible. Asteroid impacts aren’t even on the list, probably because no one would be around to compile the data after one hit. SOURCE: [Photo] SCIENTISTS STUDY HUNDREDS OF DEAD DOLPHINSAli Sultan, Associated Press April 29, 2006ZANZIBAR, Tanzania - Scientists tried to discover Saturday why hundreds of dolphins washed up dead on a beach popular with tourists on the northern coast of Zanzibar. Among other possibilities, marine biologists were examining whether U.S. Navy sonar threw the animals off course. Villagers and fishermen were burying the remains of the roughly 400 bottlenose dolphins, which normally live in deep offshore waters but washed up Friday along a 2 1/2-mile stretch of coast in Tanzania's Indian Ocean archipelago. The animals may have been disturbed by some unknown factor, or poisoned, before they became stranded in shallow waters and died, said Narriman Jiddawi, a marine biologist at the Institute of Marine Science of the University of Dar es Salaam. Experts planned to examine the dolphins' heads to assess whether they had been affected by military sonar. Some scientists surmise that loud bursts of sonar, which can be heard for miles in the water, may disorient or scare marine mammals, causing them to surface too quickly and suffer the equivalent of what divers call the bends - when sudden decompression forms nitrogen bubbles in tissue. A U.S. Navy task force patrols the coast of East Africa as part of counterterrorism operations. A Navy official was not immediately available for comment, but the service rarely speaks about the location of submarines at sea. A preliminary examination of their dolphins' stomach contents failed to show the presence of squid beaks or other remains of animals hunted by dolphins. That was an indication that the dolphins either had not eaten for a long time or had vomited, Jiddawi said. Their general condition, however, appeared to show that they had eaten recently, since their ribs were not clearly visible under the skin, she said. Although Jiddawi said Friday that poisoning had been ruled out, experts were preparing to further examine the dolphins' stomachs for traces of poisonous substances such as toxic "red tides" of algae. Zanzibar's resorts attract many visitors who come to watch and swim with wild humpback dolphins, which generally swim closer to shore than the Indo-Pacific bottlenose. The humpbacks, bottlenose, and spinner dolphins are the most common species in Zanzibar's coastal waters. The most conclusive link between the use of military sonar and injury to marine mammals was observed from the stranding of whales in 2000 in the Bahamas. The U.S. Navy later acknowledged that sonar likely contributed to the stranding of the extremely shy species. "These animals must have been disoriented and ended up in shallow waters, where they died," Abdallah Haji, a 43-year-old fisherman, said Saturday as he helped bury the dolphins near the bloodied beach. Residents had cut open the animals' bellies to take their livers, which they use to make waterproofing material for boats. "We have never seen this type of dolphin in our area," said Haji, who said he has fished in Zanzibar's waters for more than two decades. SOURCE: [Photo] CRYPTOZOOLOGIST MULLS THEORIES ON "BIG BIRD"Hidden in the shadows outside of civilization, monsters are believed by some to exist. According to folklore, a large primate stalks the Pacific Northwest and a giant reptile lurks in the depths of a Scottish lake. And in South Texas, people carefully watch the skies for Big Bird, a flying creature that terrorized the area in 1976. "This bird’s got a habit of going after people," said Guadalupe Cantu III, an eye witness. "This is strictly a nighttime bird, though. ... From 11 o’clock on, everybody’s bait." While most scientists would write off a man-hunting bird as pure myth, a group of researchers takes such accounts seriously. The researchers are called cryptozoologists. "It’s considered a pseudo science," said Ken Gerhard, 38. "I like to call it a frontier science." A Houston-based cryptozoologist, Gerhard is researching a book that will focus on the Big Bird. He will speak about his research before the Brownsville Enlightenment Society at 7 p.m., Tuesday at Shoney’s Restaurant. The meeting is free to the public. While other zoologists might consider the existence of such a large unknown species impossible, Gerhard and others keep an open mind. "Cryptozoology is the search for animals that have not yet been verified by science," Gerhard said. "Most people are familiar with the marquee animals – Bigfoot, the Loch Ness monster and Big Bird. ... The less glamorous side would include a new species of beetle." In 2005 several new birds, plants and other species were discovered in the Foja Mountains of Papua, New Guinea. Scientists announced 27 new species earlier this year, discovered in California national park caves. Large creatures have also been revealed recently, with the first photographs of a live giant squid taken in 2004. "New species are discovered all the time, a lot of people don’t understand that," Gerhard said. "Cryptozoologists feel that those ‘real scientists’ aren’t doing a good enough job." Don Farst, executive director of the Gladys Porter Zoo, remembers the excitement in January 1976 when people would ask about giant birds and livestock-attacking beasts. He said nothing was ever proved, but he can understand why some believe in unknown animals. "Nothing is impossible," he said. "But I usually believe that either I or somebody that I trust has seen, and preferably photographed next to something of a known size." There’s always more to learn, according to Lynn David Livsey, president of the Brownsville Enlightenment Society, a group that discusses new discoveries and unknown phenomena on a weekly basis. "We pretend like we know but really we don’t," he said. "I remain open-minded on the subject." The Big Bird has been compared to local owl-witch legends, but Gerhard said many real creatures began as myths. "A lot of animals discovered in the last century were original folklore animals," he said, adding this was true of the gorilla. "They were giant hairy wild men and back in the late 1800s were considered to be folklore. ... It made the transformation from folklore into reality." Gerhard said certain areas of wilderness remained unexplored by men, which obviously provided the potential to discover new species of animals. "I can’t say these animals are there, but I can say the potential is there," Gerhard said. Aside from the Big Bird sightings in Brownsville in 1976, there were sightings in Robstown and Rio Grande City in 1975, Swinney Switch in the 1950s and San Benito in the 1940s. McAllen, Harlingen and Los Fresnos also claimed witnesses. San Benito in particular seemed a hotbed for Big Bird reports. Many residents of the La Paloma Colonia have heard of the creature they call the demon bird. "As a child I heard it one Christmas eve, really Christmas day at 1 o’clock in the morning," said Cantu, now 50. "It made more and more noise so my grandfather went out and cussed it. ... It was a strange noise, like a couple of cats, like one voice mixed with another voice." As a child in San Benito, Cantu had heard of the bird, but he was surprised by its size and that it showed no fear of guns or dogs. The bird Cantu saw seemed to stand about 8 feet tall and was solid black, although parts of its body seemed to reflect more light. It was stood vertically with stooped shoulders. "With the face I thought I was looking at a skeleton, but it was the eyes and nose (of a skull)," he said. "It did not flap its wings, it just glided." Alex Resendez, 66, saw the creature three times in the 1970s. Twice he caught fleeting glimpses of the beast over Brownsville, and the third time, he saw it in broad daylight near his rural McCook area home. "I never seen a bird that big," he said. "He was brownish, like dirt. ... He does not have long legs and does not stand like other birds." What struck him most were the bird’s large eyes that shone like black glass, with red markings underneath. The beak was also peculiar. "You have to look close because his beak is very transparent," Resendez said. "If you see it real fast, you’re going to think he ain’t got no beak." In all, the brown bird seemed to stand over 4 feet tall. After being spooked by a charging bull, the bird spread its large wings and pushed off the ground with its feet. "He was very swift, very nice, like a glider," Resendez said. "This bird, he never flaps his wings." The wing underside was surprisingly colorful to Resendez, appearing with blue and white stripes. "It was the most beautiful thing I’ve ever seen." Descriptions of Big Bird often follow the same pattern: it is dark in color, featherless or smoothly feathered, has a long thin beak or no beak at all, short legs and long tail. Farst took a pragmatic approach. "At certain times of year we have wood storks here, which are large gangly birds, about 4½ feet tall," he said. "They are more black and white than brownish and have a long curving bill." He offered alternative possibilities such as a sand hill crane or brown pelican, but said the distinctive features described by witnesses don’t always match with known animals. As several cattle mutilations were reported in 1976, Resendez believes they might be related to the Big Bird sightings. "I thought maybe this bird goes after these cows, drives his beak in there, takes samples, then goes upstairs where maybe there is a UFO," he said. "It’s so well made, nobody could tell it was a robot, but I don’t know." Gerhard has heard theories ranging from a giant owl to a giant bat, but he has his own ideas. "The other theory that I’m pursuing with my book is probably a little more out there," the cryptozoologist said. "That’s the possibility of living pterosaurs." Winged reptiles and contemporaries of the dinosaurs, pterosaurs are believed to have met extinction more than 64 million years ago, but some cryptozoologists see the creatures as possible Big Bird explanations. "It seems to jibe with most of the reports I’ve collected," Gerhard said, adding that the Kongamato of Africa and Ropen of Papua, New Guinea, both supposedly mythical creatures, are said to have reptile-like features. Farst doubts a large flying reptile could go undiscovered, but said there are some birds that behave similarly to the Big Bird. "The best and biggest flying birds that we have would be like the Andean Condor from South America," he said. "They can jump and launch themselves into the air to take off, but usually they do this off the side of a cliff." Gliding without a cliff, or preliminary flapping, would be highly unusual, he said. "That would indicate that it would be something that we don’t have in this world at this time," he said. "If I had to bet any of my hard earned money, I would be willing to bet odds of a 1,000-to-1 against there being a critter like this. .... I wish you’d prove me wrong. I’d love to see something like this." Livsey believes Big Bird to be an actual bird, albeit one not known to modern man. The extinct Teratorn is believed to have wingspans over a dozen feet. "This does have to be a monster or a giant flying reptile," he said. "I believe we’re talking something terrestrial here. I do believe in UFOs, and I was a witness to a UFO event, but I do not believe this was some kind of extra-terrestrial." SOURCE: The Brownsville Herald Journal 5/12/06 #365 [Photo] DRAGON MYTHOLOGYApr 28, 2006If there is a prevailing theory about dragons, perhaps it is the oft-repeated claim that reptilian species –alive or extinct–lurk behind the mythical image. But closer scrutiny casts doubt on such theories, while pointing to the similarities between the dragon and the life-like forms of plasma discharge. The idea of a reptilian 'prototype' of the fabulous dragon comes in various forms, all of which have their proponents. Many students of dragon lore have suggested that the instinctive fear of snakes led to irrational, exaggerated accounts of a harmful serpent of mythical proportions; or perhaps the confrontation of prehistoric people with snakes triggered archaic, deeply-rooted and genetically-encoded memories of a time when distant Mammalian ancestors were on top of the Dinosaurian menu. Alternatively, some propose that the ancient myth-makers inferred the existence of these monsters from the fossilized bones of dinosaurs they happened upon (see pictured above); or 'living fossils', the rare survivors of a once more widespread kind, could have provided the impetus; or so-called 'cryptids', reported but officially undiscovered animals, may have formed the inspiration behind the fantastic stories. In reality, all such interpretations do little justice to the elaborate profile of the mythical dragon as consistently provided in scores of age-old traditions around the world. The only rational way to answer the question of the dragon's origins is to start with a comparative analysis of the recurrent themes in dragon mythology. This approach, no matter how rudimentary, immediately reveals a number of archetypal traits that grow in clarity and intensity as you go further back in time, drawing closer to an extraordinary pan-human experience that may have provoked dragon mythology: ... Continue at: E-NEWS: May 12 [Photo] NEW MT. HOOD BIGFOOT PHOTOGRAPH?There’s a new “possible” Bigfoot photograph that has been submitted to Cryptomundo. We are making no claims about it, but thought our readers might be interested in looking at this one. And pondering what it might be. It was taken by a scouting camera on April 30, 2006, in the Mt. Hood National Forest, near The Dalles, Oregon. The camera is a Cuddeback digital scouting camera, which was attached to a tree about three feet off the ground. It has a motion/heat detector. Could it be someone going by in a poncho? I asked the people who placed the camera, Klindt Kendall and Dianna Martin, what they thought. As far as they can tell, this is “not someone in raingear,” they told me. Photograph is used with their permission here and copyrighted by them. photograph could be a Bigfoot or could not. And if it is, what kind of Sasquatch would it be? What do you think? UPDATETo see the photographs taken immediately before and after the above photo, please see the images here, at “More From Mt. Hood”: REPORT May 8, 2006[Photo] WATCH OUT: IT'S TORNADO SEASON18-May-2006Spring is tornado season in the US and we while tornadoes can occur almost anywhere in the world, we have more of them than anyplace else. There are about 1,200 tornadoes here every year. So far, in 2006, there have been almost 500. Like all extreme weather patterns, including hurricanes and flooding, an increase in tornado activity can be an indication of global warming. reports that this is the fastest start for the tornado season since 1999. In 2005, fewer than 100 tornadoes had formed by April. In 2005, June was the busiest tornado month—we’ll have to see if that repeats this year. Twisters strike most often along what has come to be known as Tornado Alley, which stretches from west Texas to North Dakota. Tornadoes form there when dry polar air from Canada comes into contact with warm moist tropical air from the Gulf of Mexico. From The Wizard of Oz, we might think that Kansas gets the most tornadoes, but it's actually Texas that gets hit most often, with over a hundred tornadoes every year. Most tornadoes travel to the northeast and occur between 4 and 6 p.m. Most of them last less than ten minutes on the ground— but that's enough time for them to wreak major destruction. SOURCE: [Photo] ANCIENT EVIDENCE OF GLOBAL WARMING15-May-2006Paleontologists have avoided connecting the great extinctions that brought the Pleistocene to an end 15,000 years ago to climate change by claiming that they were due to a few thousand hunter-gatherers killing millions of animals, all within a span of a few hundred years. Now climate is finally being recognized as the key to the extinctions. Paleobiologist Dale Guthrie of the University of Alaska says in a study published in Nature this week that climate change, not hunters, brought about the extinction of mammoths and horses in the Yukon Territory, Alaska and Siberia around 12,000 years ago. New dating of fossils shows that the animals did not die off at the same time that hunters arrived, and, in fact, that the appearance of the hunters did not have a measurable effect on herds. What Guthrie believes is that the end of the ice age around 13,000-15,000 years ago caused the Yukon and Alaska to become much warmer, and drew grazing herds of horses, mammoths, and other animals far to the north. Then the climate changed again, abruptly by geologic standards, over few hundred years. This left the animals stranded without fodder to graze, and the herds diminished and died out. Why they did not move south with the grass in the same way that they had moved north with it is not explained by the new study. Paleontology has long since dismissed evidence of animals being killed so abruptly that they died with food still in their mouths as fiction. Although such fossils have been found, it is assumed that there must be some other explanation than abrupt weather change to explain the deaths. Professor Lonnie Thompson of the Byrd Polar Research Institute has found evidence of very abrupt and long-lasting climate change in Peruvian glaciers, which reveal quick-frozen temperate zone plants at their bases, meaning that the plants were killed by a weather event in a matter of minutes, and have remained covered by ice ever since. No animal remains have ever been found in this condition, but storms of an unknown type that can cause such sudden and long- lasting change have certainly happened in the past. To read our story on Dr. Thompson's findings, go to: [Photo] INDONESIA QUAKE CATASTROPHE27-May-2006A 6.2 quake struck Papua-New Guinea Saturday night. The area it hit is sparsely populated and there are currently no reports of damage or injuries. The Indonesian quake, also 6.2 on the Richter Scale, struck at 5:53 AM local time Friday in a heavily populated area of Java, and is believed to have taken at least 6,000 lives and injured 2,000 or more. The quake, centered near the town of Yogyakarta, took place in an area where there has been increased volcanism in recent months. Mt. Merapi is erupting nearby. Whether the quake and the volcanic activity are related is not known, but the quake was tectonic, not volcanic in origin. Quakes caused by volcanism are due to magma and gasses moving underground. Tectonic quakes are caused by faults. Much more powerful quakes have struck the region recently, but they have not hit heavily populated areas. Damage in and around Yogyakarta is said to be extensive, with much of the community reduced to rubble. A quake of this intensity would generally be expected to cause only moderate damage, but the type of construction used in the area--unreinforced concrete--is notoriously susceptible to earthquake damage and extremely dangerous when heavy concrete ceilings collapse. SOURCE: [Photo] MAJOR EXPANSION OF TECTONIC ACTIVITY IN PACIFIC RIMDuration and magnitude of threat are not known.Following the activity on Java Island the past three days, suddenly today two 6.0 plus quakes struck in the Northeastern edge Fiji/Tonga Islands of the Australian Tectonic Plate amidst major increases in eruptive actions of Vanuatu island volcanoes. Sudden increases of Vanuatu volcanism was noticed during the mid 1930's and fulfilled one of Cayce's predictions about the first outbreak of changing geologic conditions as a result of the shifting of the Earth's equilibrium which set the stage for the 1999 and 2006 anomalies of polar motion. No question that the Earth's crust is breaking up first along the Northern edge of the Australian Plate where it is grinding and thrusting against FOUR other tectonic plates. What will happen next is anyone's guess but doubtless we are on the trend line of a rapid increase in major Earth Changes. There is no looking back, conditions will continue to mount into increasing instability during the next several years. In the meantime, heads up all Pacific Rim. New Zealand is especially perilous in addition to the entire northern tier of South Seas Islands. Beware the 180 mirror opposite reflection of this activity in the zone from the Galapagos to Trinidad zone along the Cocos and Carib Plates. Reflections in the Northern Arc of the Pacific Rim are uncertain. Aleutians have been highly active. Several shape shifters in Pacific portions of the Great Rift. in general during the past 24 hours there has been a large Syzygy related increase in frequency of seismic activity around the Rim, typically in the range of 3 to 4. ALSO: Multiple quakes in range of 4.0 and slightly higher have hit Baja California in the last 48 hours. Frequency of quakes is up for the New Moon. MOON IS IN THE NORTH NODE. WATCH OUT ESPECIALLY MID DAY. Gravitational vectors are now receding in influence and overall dangers around the globe should be receding somewhat but consider California still high risk for a 4.0 plus any size greater quake. Also Aleutian Islands and all island groups along Northern to Northeastern Australian Tectonic Plate. Many shape shifters in the Great Rift, mainly around the lower part of the Pacific, Papua New Guinea hit with 6.2 today. SOURCE: 5/28 PHOENIX FIVE EARTH CHANGES BULLETINS by MW Mandeville [Photo] ROOF OF THE WORLD MELTING26-May-2006The roof of the world is melting, turning large parts of China into a desert. The Chinese Academy of Sciences says the glaciers of the Tibetan plateau are melting so quickly that they are getting 50% smaller every 10 years. Meanwhile, here in the US, the Society of Landscape Architects wants everyone to have a green roof. This doesn't mean you should put green shingles on your house—it means that you should grow plants there. Geoffrey Lean writes in the Independent that global warming is turning large areas into desert. As China gets drier, more dust begins to blow, in a country already famous for its treacherous dust storms. Can the earth survive without the glaciers that bring water to China and Tibet? The glaciers that keep the dust down now cover almost 60,000 miles and are the largest area of ice outside the poles—about one-sixth of the earth's total. CNN reports that the LSA has created a leafy rooftop for its own building in the heart of a big city, Washington, D.C. The plants cool the building and absorb rainwater, keeping city sewers clearer. Green roofs were first used in Germany in the 1950s and are now being used in many other places, including China. of the American Society of Landscape Architects building in downtown Washington is a model of the techniques used increasingly to cool temperatures, filter air, and lessen the burden on sewers by absorbing rainwater. SOURCE: [Photo] SCIENTISTS SAY ARCTIC WAS ONCE TROPICALBy Seth Borenstein, AP Science Writer May 31, 2006WASHINGTON - Scientists have found what might have been the ideal ancient vacation hotspot with a 74-degree Fahrenheit average temperature, alligator ancestors and palm trees. It's smack in the middle of the Arctic. First-of-its-kind core samples dug up from deep beneath the Arctic Ocean floor show that 55 million years ago an area near the North Pole was practically a subtropical paradise, three new studies show. The scientists say their findings are a glimpse backward into a much warmer-than-thought polar region heated by run-amok greenhouse gases that came about naturally. Skeptics of man-made causes of global warming have nothing to rejoice over, however. The researchers say their studies appearing in Thursday's issue of Nature also offer a peek at just how bad conditions can get. "It probably was (a tropical paradise) but the mosquitoes were probably the size of your head," said Yale geology professor Mark Pagani, a study co-author. And what a watery, swampy world it must have been. "Imagine a world where there are dense sequoia trees and cypress trees like in Florida that ring the Arctic Ocean," said Pagani, a member of the multinational Arctic Coring Expedition that conducted the research. Millions of years ago the Earth experienced an extended period of natural global warming. But around 55 million years ago there was a sudden supercharged spike of carbon dioxide that accelerated the greenhouse effect. Scientists already knew this "thermal event" happened but are not sure what caused it. Perhaps massive releases of methane from the ocean, the continent-sized burning of trees, lots of volcanic eruptions. Many experts figured that while the rest of the world got really hot, the polar regions were still comfortably cooler, maybe about 52 degrees Fahrenheit. But the new research found the polar average was closer to 74 degrees. So instead of Boston-like weather year-round, the Arctic was more like Miami North. Way north. "It's the first time we've looked at the Arctic, and man, it was a big surprise to us," said study co-author Kathryn Moran, an oceanographer at the University of Rhode Island. "It's a new look to how the Earth can respond to these peaks in carbon dioxide." It's enough to make Santa Claus break into a sweat. The 74-degree temperature, based on core samples which act as a climatic time capsule, was probably the year-round average, but because data is so limited it might also be just the summertime average, researchers said. What's troubling is that this hints that future projections for warming, several degrees over the next century, may be on the low end, said study lead author Appy Sluijs of the Institute of Environmental Biology at Utrecht University in the Netherlands. Also it shows that what happened 55 million years ago was proof that too much carbon dioxide — more than four times current levels — can cause global warming, said another co-author Henk Brinkhuis at Utrecht University. Purdue University atmospheric sciences professor Gabriel Bowen, who was not part of the team, praised the work and said it showed that "there are tipping points in our (climate) system that can throw us to these conditions." And the new research also gave scientists the idea that a simple fern may have helped pull Earth from a hothouse to an icehouse by sucking up massive amounts of carbon dioxide. Unfortunately, this natural solution to global warming was not exactly quick: It took about a million years. With all that heat and massive freshwater lakes forming in the Arctic, a fern called Azolla started growing and growing. Azolla, still found in warm regions today, grew so deep, so wide that eventually it started sucking up carbon dioxide, Brinkhuis theorized. And that helped put the cool back in the Arctic. Bowen said he has a hard time accepting that part of the research, but Brinkhuis said the studies show tons upon tons of thick mats of Azolla covered the Arctic and moved south. "This could actually contribute to push the world to a cooling mode," Brinkhuis said, but only after it got hotter first and then it would take at least 800,000 years to cool back down. It's not something to look forward to, he said. SOURCE: [Photo] STRANGE EARTH CHANGES30-May-2006Besides the tragic earthquake in Indonesia, there are other strange and ominous changes going on in the earth:A rumbling volcano on a South Pacific island has puzzled scientists by changing the water in a lake from blue to bright red. A cliff in India has suddenly exploded like a volcano, spewing out rocks and debris.And geologists have discovered that a mountain near the Montana-Wyoming border once moved 62 miles in only a half hour, and they're afraid it may do it again. Ray Lilley reports that a lake on top of a volcano on the island of Ambae in the South Pacific has changed to what volcanologist Brad Scott calls "quite a spectacular red." He thinks the color change has to do with the volcano's renewed activity, which may be releasing chemicals into the water. In India, a mysterious explosion of rocks and debris has suddenly erupted from a cliff, when the hill suddenly started exploding like a volcano. A mountain near the Montana-Wyoming border once moved 62 miles in only a half hour. How can scientists tell this? The rocks at the summit of Heart Mountain are 250 million years older than the rocks at its base. Geologists think the mountain is a dormant volcano and that lava once bubbled up to the surface, bringing the older rocks with it. Why does this matter today? Because it may happen again—this time to the Canary Islands, off the coast of North Africa, near Portugal. Geophysicist Einat Aharonov says that when a series of volcanic eruptions formed the now Absaroka mountain range around 50 million years ago, water was trapped deep inside, like a pressure cooker. The pressure actually caused the mountain to slide. In, Corey Binns quotes Aharonov as saying, "According to our calculation, the motion took less than 30 minutes." He also warns that the Canary Islands could do the same thing soon, since they're on top of a dormant volcano. If that happens, the result may be a huge tsunami. SOURCE:[Photo] MARS TEMPERATURES REACH 98° FAHRENHEITScientist M. Carr in his book, Water On Mars, reports that the Viking orbiters found surface temperatures reaching 298 Degrees Kelvin at the summer solstice at 1 PM local time in the southern hemisphere. Viking also reported temperatures exceeding 273 degrees Kelvin (98 degrees Fahrenheit) in the northern hemisphere where both Vikings landed. SOURCE: Filer's Files #18 - 2 May 2006 [Photo] HUGE GYROSCOPIC LOUVERED MACHINE SHAPE Bryden reports, "Here is another section from a photograph of what looks like a large industrial complex with machinery parts on Mars taken by the Mars Global Surveyor." I have outlined some of the boarders between the light and dark areas to help make out the details. This image is somewhere around a mile across from left to right. The structure looks like some kind of huge power plant or some other large industry structure. In the full image there are other areas that have a machine like look about them. The reason I feel this is an image of machinery on Mars is because of all the lines that seem to make up the structure. The lines make up corners, struts, disks, louvers and what look like entrances. are far too many structured objects in my opinion in the full image for them to be just random formations. I believe they are of intelligent design and this is further evidence of advanced life on Mars. Just think what this added knowledge and the inspiration in exploration could do for us and help us move away from the polluting technologies and restore our environment with clean power sources. The full image can be downloaded from the links below. If you resize the image larger you can see the details better. There are also many other machine like looking parts and structures to be seen in the full image, some of which you can see in the link below. Thanks to Norman Bryden SOURCE: Filer's Files #19 - 11 May 2006 [Photo] MORE MARS ANOMALIES[Photo] STRANGE FIGURE I guess where to start in this image to see what I think I have discovered, is to look just to the right of center at the very light markings. These very light markings form the letter C, or looks kind of like the shape of a clamp. This looks to be on the end of a pole. This pole seems to be held by a large statue carving of a man. On the other end of the staff or possible device is the shape sort of like a shark's fin. This almost looks like some type of futuristic device, weapon, or symbolic staff. man's right arm on the left side in this image is bizarrely wrapped around the device like that of a snake. Above this staff is the face sort of like a court jester or other exaggerated features, or possible that of a mask of some sort. You can see a pronounce chin, a large light colored nose and brows looking slightly to the left in this section. His hair or headdress curls around down on both sides of his head. This figure is reminiscent of the Mayan culture here on Earth. I especially like this photograph because I can relate to what kind of species may once have been, or currently is on Mars. This is a rare glimpse of a face with such details that it is difficult to dismiss as any random formation. There are so many points that look intelligently modified, that I think this is a good example of what type of intelligent species there may be on Mars. At the feet of this statue like form, is what looks like a half moon opening between the feet or supports on the sides into the cliff side. The cliff sides here and on the full image are riddled with what looks like intelligently carved terraces and openings, and there are many things to be seen. If you enlarge and resize the full image you can see many things more clearly. I will be posting other sections from this photograph. This is a very telling photograph in my opinion. There are other structures of what looks to be faces carved into the hillsides, some masked and some not. There are what look like a large number of dwellings, boxes, and other artifacts of intelligent geometry. I hope others enjoy this photograph as much as I have. Thanks to Norman Bryden Link to NASA Image:, Link to Specification Page: Filer's Files #20 - 17 May 2006 ~AND~ [Photo] HUGE CUBE AND HILLSIDE BUILDINGS Bryden writes, "In this section of the photograph taken by the Mars Global Surveyor are structures that look geometric and intelligently built." Not everyone sees the same things and are not required to. In the lower right left hand corner is a large egg shaped object. There are appendages that make it look like some sort of large machine on the front and sides. To the lower right on the hillside are several objects that are square and cube shaped that look like a group of buildings. There is also just below and left of this group a cut out formation like a terrace and opening into the hillside. Link to NASA Image: to Specification Page: Editor's Note: I see the large egg shaped object and also a face seems to be resting on it. Just to the right of the 7 there is a helmet and below is the face. I am the first to admit that its like looking at faces in clouds. However, faces with helmets are repeatedly found near symbols similar to those used on Earth. On the same color enhanced image nearby is this image of a large white F and two Y symbols. There is some indication the symbols point to landing sites. Notice the large Y points to a series of Ys then a reverse L at the bottom of the photo, that appear to be structures. Filer's Files #21 - 24 May 2006[Photo] THE COMING SOLAR SUPERSTORM04-May-2006Whitley [Streiber] and Art [Bell] warned about a possible superstorm here on earth, caused by global warming. It turns out that a solar superstorm may be on the way as well. NOAA warns that a solar storm could affect our technology here on earth, especially our satellites, and therefore our television and cell phone reception. Astronomers are researching what might happen in the future by examining what happened during a similar solar storm that took place around 150 years ago. Robert Roy Britt writes in that the "solar tempest" of 1859 affected communication as well. There was no satellite technology then, but communications on earth were still affected by the increase in solar activity: over 140,000 miles of telegraph lines, all over the world, were unusable for several hours. Leonard David writes in that the upcoming sun spots may destroy some of our older orbiting satellites and will probably reduce the operating life of the other ones by about a decade. The total cost of the damage could be over 30 billion dollars. SOURCE: [Photo] LIGHT'S MOST EXOTIC TRICK YET: SO FAST IT GOES...BACKWARDS?University of Rochester News Release May 14, 2006In the past few years, scientists have found ways to make light go both faster and slower than its usual speed limit, but now researchers at the University of Rochester published a paper on May 12 in Science on how they've gone one step further: pushing light into reverse. As if to defy common sense, the backward-moving pulse of light travels faster than light. Confused? You're not alone. "I've had some of the world's experts scratching their heads over this one," says Robert Boyd, the M. Parker Givens Professor of Optics at the University of Rochester. "Theory predicted that we could send light backwards, but nobody knew if the theory would hold up or even if it could be observed in laboratory conditions." Boyd recently showed how he can slow down a pulse of light to slower than an airplane, or speed it up faster than its breakneck pace, using exotic techniques and materials. But he's now taken what was once just a mathematical oddity-negative speed-and shown it working in the real world. "It's weird stuff," says Boyd. "We sent a pulse through an optical fiber, and before its peak even entered the fiber, it was exiting the other end. Through experiments we were able to see that the pulse inside the fiber was actually moving backward, linking the input and output pulses." So, wouldn't Einstein shake a finger at all these strange goings-on? After all, this seems to violate Einstein's sacred tenet that nothing can travel faster than the speed of light. "Einstein said information can't travel faster than light, and in this case, as with all fast-light experiments, no information is truly moving faster than light," says Boyd. "The pulse of light is shaped like a hump with a peak and long leading and trailing edges. The leading edge carries with it all the information about the pulse and enters the fiber first. By the time the peak enters the fiber, the leading edge is already well ahead, exiting. From the information in that leading edge, the fiber essentially 'reconstructs' the pulse at the far end, sending one version out the fiber, and another backward toward the beginning of the fiber." Boyd is already working on ways to see what will happen if he can design a pulse without a leading edge. Einstein says the entire faster-than-light and reverse-light phenomena will disappear. Boyd is eager to put Einstein to the test. So how does light go backwards? Boyd, along with Rochester graduate students George M. Gehring and Aaron Schweinsberg, and undergraduates Christopher Barsi of Manhattan College and Natalie Kostinski of the University of Michigan, sent a burst of laser light through an optical fiber that had been laced with the element erbium. As the pulse exited the laser, it was split into two. One pulse went into the erbium fiber and the second traveled along undisturbed as a reference. The peak of the pulse emerged from the other end of the fiber before the peak entered the front of the fiber, and well ahead of the peak of the reference pulse. But to find out if the pulse was truly traveling backward within the fiber, Boyd and his students had to cut back the fiber every few inches and re-measure the pulse peaks when they exited each pared-back section of the fiber. By arranging that data and playing it back in a time sequence, Boyd was able to depict, for the first time, that the pulse of light was moving backward within the fiber. To understand how light's speed can be manipulated, think of a funhouse mirror that makes you look fatter. As you first walk by the mirror, you look normal, but as you pass the curved portion in the center, your reflection stretches, with the far edge seeming to leap ahead of you (the reference walker) for a moment. In the same way, a pulse of light fired through special materials moves at normal speed until it hits the substance, where it is stretched out to reach and exit the material's other side. Conversely, if the funhouse mirror were the kind that made you look skinny, your reflection would appear to suddenly squish together, with the leading edge of your reflection slowing as you passed the curved section. Similarly, a light pulse can be made to contract and slow inside a material, exiting the other side much later than it naturally would. To visualize Boyd's reverse-traveling light pulse, replace the mirror with a big-screen TV and video camera. As you may have noticed when passing such a display in an electronics store window, as you walk past the camera, your on-screen image appears on the far side of the TV. It walks toward you, passes you in the middle, and continues moving in the opposite direction until it exits the other side of the screen. A negative-speed pulse of light acts much the same way. As the pulse enters the material, a second pulse appears on the far end of the fiber and flows backward. The reversed pulse not only propagates backward, but it releases a forward pulse out the far end of the fiber. In this way, the pulse that enters the front of the fiber appears out the end almost instantly, apparently traveling faster than the regular speed of light. To use the TV analogy again-it's as if you walked by the shop window, saw your image stepping toward you from the opposite edge of the TV screen, and that TV image of you created a clone at that far edge, walking in the same direction as you, several paces ahead. "I know this all sounds weird, but this is the way the world works," says Boyd. SOURCE: Spaceflight Now Journal 5/19/06 #366 [Photo] THE CURSE OF THE MOBILE PHONE AGE: ELECTRONIC SMOGAround your home there are countless gadgets whose electrical fields, scientists now warn, are linked to depression, miscarriage and cancer by Geoffrey Lean The Independent/UK May 7, 2006Invisible "smog", created by the electricity that powers our civilization, is giving children cancer, causing miscarriages and suicides and making some people allergic to modern life, new scientific evidence reveals. The evidence - which is being taken seriously by national and international bodies and authorities - suggests that almost everyone is being exposed to a new form of pollution with countless sources in daily use in every home. Two official Department of Health reports on the smog are to be presented to ministers next month, and the Health Protection Agency (HPA) has recently held the first meeting of an expert group charged with developing advice to the public on the threat. The UN's World Health Organization (WHO) calls the electronic smog "one of the most common and fastest growing environmental influences" and stresses that it "takes seriously" concerns about the health effects. It adds that "everyone in the world" is exposed to it and that "levels will continue to increase as technology advances". Wiring creates electrical fields, one component of the smog, even when nothing is turned on. And all electrical equipment - from TVs to toasters - give off another one, magnetic fields. The fields rapidly decrease with distance but appliances such as hair dryers and electric shavers, used close to the head, can give high exposures. Electric blankets and clock radios near to beds produce even higher doses because people are exposed to them for many hours while sleeping. Radio frequency fields - yet another component - are emitted by microwave ovens, TV and radio transmitters, mobile phone masts and phones themselves, also used close to the head. The WHO says that the smog could interfere with the tiny natural electrical currents that help to drive the human body. Nerves relay signals by transmitting electric impulses, for example, while the use of electrocardiograms testify to the electrical activity of the heart. Campaigners have long been worried about exposure to fields from lines carried by electric pylons but, until recently, their concerns were dismissed, even ridiculed, by the authorities. But last year a study by the official National Radiological Protection Board concluded that children living close to the lines are more likely to get leukemia, and ministers are considering whether to stop any more homes being built near them. The discovery is causing a large-scale reappraisal of the hazards of the smog. The International Agency for Research on Cancer - part of the WHO and the leading international organization on the disease - classes the smog as a "possible human carcinogen". And Professor David Carpenter, dean of the School of Public Health at the State University of New York, told The Independent on Sunday last week that it was likely to cause up to 30 per cent of all childhood cancers. A report by the California Health Department concludes that it is also likely to cause adult leukemia, brain cancers and possibly breast cancer and could be responsible for a 10th of all miscarriages. Professor Denis Henshaw, professor of human radiation effects at Bristol University, says that "a huge and substantive body of evidence indicates a range of adverse health effects". He estimates that the smog causes some 9,000 cases of depression. Perhaps strangest of all, there is increasing evidence that the smog causes some people to become allergic to electricity, leading to nausea, pain, dizziness, depression and difficulties in sleeping and concentrating when they use electrical appliances or go near mobile phone masts. Some are so badly affected that they have to change their lifestyles. While not yet certain how it is caused, both the WHO and the HPA accept that the condition exists, and the UN body estimates that up to three in every 100 people are affected by it. Case History: 'I felt I was going into meltdown' Until a year ago, Sarah Dacre reckoned she had a "blessed life". Running her own company, and living in an expensive north London home, the high-earning divorcee described herself as "fab, fit and 40s". Then suddenly the sight in her right eye failed: she first noticed it when she was unable to read an A-Z map. Soon she was getting pains and numbness in her joints. She could not sleep and spent nights "pacing about like a caged lion". Her short-term memory failed and if she took notes to remind her, she would forget she had made them. The symptoms got worse whenever she was exposed to electricity. She could not use a computer for more than five minutes without becoming nauseous. Even using a telephone landline gave her a buzzing in the ear and made her feel she was "going into meltdown". © Copyright 2006 Independent News and Media Limited SOURCE: E-NEWS: May 17[Photo] POSSIBLE ALIEN DNAAccording to this article, ...strange cells ... fell as red rain for six weeks, across the Kerala region of southwest India in (July) 2001, following reports of an explosion in the sky. This month scientists confirmed the presence of DNA in the crimson rain - but still do not know whether the DNA is from an alien life form. The error will be assuming that it is extraterrestrial simply because the DNA does not match any known terrestrial species. Could this be the DNA of the alien intelligence existing within our reality? Doubtful - since that alien life form is not biological. This event occurred about 2 months before 9-11. Could there be some symbolic relevance to the two events? -Peter Gersten--- EXCERPT: Scientists in Britain say they have confirmed that DNA, the genetic blueprint for life, does exist in the mysterious red rain which fell over the Kerala region of India, in 2001. This could prove to be a key development in the work to find out whether there is any life form in outer space. The blood-colored rain caused a storm of controversy among the world’s scientists. When first analyzed by Indian laboratories, it was suggested it contained unidentifiable biological cells that could have come from outer space. Since, then, many theories have been put forward to explain the strange phenomenon, but the latest results, from studies carried out at Cardiff University in Britain, seem to confirm that the red color does come from living cells, although where they came remains a mystery. mms://>: Seen with a powerful microscope, these are the first pictures of the strange cells which fell as red rain for six weeks, across the Kerala region of south-west India in 2001, following reports of an explosion in the sky. Indian scientists who first analyzed the rain expected to see grains of dust or sand, perhaps blown from the Sahara by freak winds. Instead, they found themselves looking at complex cell-like structures, that have many of the characteristics of living organisms. They were even more surprised to find the cells could be made to come to life and reproduce, under laboratory conditions. SOT (English speech) super: Professor Chandra Wickramasinghe, Cardiff Centre for Astrobiology “If there was an explosion of a small piece of a comet over Kerala, and an explosion was in fact heard just minutes before the first rainfall, those particles would have drifted along a belt of latitude, but when you look at a map of the world, the latitudes west of Kerala run into the Indian Ocean and then into the Sahara. So if it fell all over that area it wouldn’t have been noticed, and in the Sahara there is not much rainfall, so the particles could have drifted a long way away and not be noticed.” Sri Lanka-born Professor Chandra Wickramasinghe is head of the astrobiology unit of Cardiff University, in Wales. He is an internationally-renowned theoretical scientist who has been a champion of the theory of “panspermia” for over thirty years. Developed with the late Sir Fred Hoyle, his theory proposes that life on Earth could have been seeded from outer space by wandering comets containing organisms from other worlds. Ridiculed for many years, the theory is now slowly being accepted by an increasing number of scientists around the world, as more evidence comes to light. SOT (English speech) super: Professor Chandra Wickramasinghe, Cardiff Centre for Astrobiology “Whether this particular red rain came from space or not wouldn’t determine the validity of panspermia. I think that there are many other lines of evidence that are all converging on the idea that life came from space.” The first samples of Kerala’s red rain arrived at Cardiff University’s labs last month. Intensive investigation under high-powered microscopes confirmed the cell-like structures are biological and that they do contain DNA, the blue print of all life forms on Earth. What’s not yet known is whether it is terrestrial life or alien DNA, but investigators believe they will know soon. SOT (English speech) super: Professor David Lloyd, Microbiology Unit, Cardiff University “The samples have been kept very carefully in aseptic conditions, so the likelihood of contamination isn’t very great. But the question of where the organisms have come from is an open one.” The Cardiff team is now comparing DNA from the red rain with that of all known terrestrial species. It’s a long and painstaking study, but if no known DNA from Earth matches, the only remaining possibility would be that it is an alien life form from outer space. SOT (English speech) super: Professor Chandra Wickramasinghe, Cardiff Centre for Astrobiology “Our genetic cousins are everywhere in the universe and all that happened on the Earth is that these bits and pieces of genes got together and made the entire spectrum of life that we see here on our planet“ Kerala’s red rain could yet provide conclusive evidence that the theory of panspermia is not only possible, but almost certainly was the way life started on Earth, 4 billion years ago. (RB/MN) SOURCE: E-NEWS: May 5 [Photo] HACKER CLAIMS US HAS SPACESHIPS McKinnon was hunting for evidence of a UFO cover-up as he snooped around NASA and the Pentagon's network. The US Justice Department is seeking to extradite Gary and send him to prison for up to 70 years for snooping within US government computer files. Gary was born in Glasgow in 1966, and moved to London with his mother and stepfather and is a bit of a UFO buff. Gary claims he has been seeing data on Non-Terrestrial Officers and spaceships. "The whole world thinks it's cooperating in building the International Space Station, but you've already got a space-based army that you refer to as Non-Terrestrial Officers." Gary was hacking around Fort Meade, Fort Benning, etc - reading internal court martial reports of soldiers. At the Johnson Space Center he spied on photographs of cigar-shaped objects that might have been UFOs but - he says – they were probably satellites. "You end up lusting after more and more complex security measures," he says. "It was like a game - a computer game. It was addictive. Hugely addictive. There were hackers snooping around every night for the entire five to seven years I was doing this. I found a list of officers' names," he claims, "under the heading 'Non-Terrestrial Officers'." "I found a list of 'fleet-to-fleet transfers', and a list of ship names. I looked them up. They weren't US navy ships. What I saw made me believe they have some kind of spaceship, off-planet." Apparently, the US has a secret spaceship like Mir, although "I was smoking a lot of dope at the time. Not good for the intellect." SOURCE: Filer's Files #19 - 11 May 2006 [Photo] UK: UFO STUDY FINDS NO SIGN OF ALIENSThe 400-page report was kept secret for six years By Mark Simpson BBC News A confidential Ministry of Defense report on Unidentified Flying Objects has concluded that there is no proof of alien life forms. In spite of the secrecy surrounding the UFO study, it seems citizens of planet Earth have little to worry about. The report, which was completed in 2000 and stamped "Secret: UK Eyes Only", has been made public for the first time. Only a small number of copies were produced and the identity of the man who wrote it has been protected. His findings were only made public thanks to the Freedom of Information Act, after a request by Sheffield Hallam University academic Dr David Clarke. The four-year study - entitled Unidentified Aerial Phenomena in the UK - tackles the long-running question by UFO-spotters: "Is anyone out there?" The answer, it seems, is "no." The 400-page report puts it like this: "No evidence exists to suggest that the phenomena seen are hostile or under any type of control, other than that of natural physical forces." It adds: "There is no evidence that 'solid' objects exist which could cause a collision hazard." So if there are no such things as little green men in spaceships or flying saucers, why have so many people reported seeing them? Well, here is the science bit. "Evidence suggests that meteors and their well-known effects and, possibly some other less-known effects are responsible for some unidentified aerial phenomena," concludes the report. "Considerable evidence exists to support the thesis that the events are almost certainly attributable to physical, electrical and magnetic phenomena in the atmosphere, mesosphere and ionosphere. They appear to originate due to more than one set of weather and electrically charged conditions, and are observed so infrequently as to make them unique to the majority of observers." People who claim to have had a "close encounter" are often difficult to persuade that they did not really see what they thought they saw. The report offers a possible medical explanation. "The close proximity of plasma related fields can adversely affect a vehicle or person," states the report. "Local fields of this type have been medically proven to cause responses in the temporal lobes of the human brain. These result in the observer sustaining (and later describing and retaining) his or her own vivid, but mainly incorrect, description of what is experienced." There are, of course, other causes of UFOs - airplanes with particularly bright lights, stray odd-shaped balloons and strange flocks of birds, to name but a few. Yet, it will be difficult to convince everyone that there is a rational explanation for all mysterious movements in the sky. Some UFO-spotters believe governments will always cover up the truth about UFOs, because they are afraid of admitting that there is something beyond their control. It is not clear how much time and effort the MoD has spent looking at the skies in recent years, but it appears there are no plans for an in-depth UFO report like the one written in 2000. A MoD spokesperson said: "Both this study and the original "Flying Saucer Working Party" [already in public domain in the national Archives] concluded that there is insufficient evidence to indicate the presence of any genuine unidentified aerial phenomena. "It is unlikely that we would carry out any future studies unless such evidence were to emerge." SOURCE: [Photo] B J RESPONDS TO MINISTRY OF DEFENSE RELEASE have been and will continue to be reports about UFOs released by different organizations. Every time one comes out, its results run the circuit on the Internet message forums, chat rooms, and UFO Web sites. The recent release of the so-called secret files from the British Ministry of Defense is no exception. They say that there is nothing to reports of UFOs, and give us several alternative explanations for them. At this moment, all of the debunkers are jumping for joy, saying something like, "See, I told you so!" What exactly does this report mean to those of us who believe in UFOs? Absolutely nothing! It's just one more attempt to put the final nail in the coffin. But, after a short period of time, the seemingly destructive report will be forgotten, and everything will be back to normal. If the MOD could find nothing of importance about the Rendlesham Forest incident [], what do you expect, anyway? British MOD Releases Secret UFO Report [] is really an excuse to get the monkey off of its back. In late 2002, the MOD released its Rendlesham report, and though it gave some interesting pieces of information, they just won't admit that what happened those nights in December, 1980 held any significance as far as national security goes. But, don't forget that there were 4 or 5 documents they held back. Why? I think the answer is obvious. There are things they do not want the general public to know. This same reasoning is why Blue Book sent some of the more extraordinary, best documented cases of UFO sightings to another inside government source to be looked at, and these reports never were released to the public. Their main function was to ally fears of every day people like you and I that there may be other intelligence in the universe besides our own. Take the MOD report with a grain of salt. I do, and I believe anyone well read in the UFO subject will feel the same. The truth really is out there, but you won't find it in the British MOD report. -(B J Booth) - - - - - UFOs DO EXIST, INSISTS WATCHER claims to have seen spaceships soaring across the city's skies and crop circles 300ft-wide, so it will take more than an official report to convince this Oxford UFO expert aliens don't exist. A confidential four-year study by the Ministry of Defense, made public under the Freedom of Information Act, concluded there is no proof of alien life forms. But Michael Soper, pictured, a member of the Contact International UFO research group, has spent decades of his life studying unidentified flying objects and believes the MoD's report does not throw any doubt on his findings. Mr. Soper, of Ouseley Close, New Marston, who says he first saw a UFO in 1959 over the Malvern Hills in Worcestershire, said: "Obviously, the MoD can't admit aliens exist. "Even if they knew they did, they could not admit to it. This is the only kind of report they could produce. I don't agree with most of it." The report, undertaken by the Defense Intelligence Staff, part of the MoD, concludes that sightings of UFOs can be rationally explained and that meteors and their "well-known effects" are responsible for "some unidentified aerial phenomena". But Mr. Soper insisted this could only explain about five per cent of the cases he had encountered. He said: "You would need to have a strange mentality to believe the conclusions of this report. I have read thousands of witness reports and seen all kinds of evidence and the MoD's conclusions do not come anywhere near to explaining them." Mr. Soper, a researcher and mathematician, said he had pictures of an object he believes to be an alien craft which he spotted on a photo taken of a cloud near Banbury. In 1995, he took a picture of a spherical object above the Co-op store in Marston and has also investigated crop circles near Garsington. He said: "I've heard petrol engines just cut out when a UFO has flown overhead. I've seen pennies burned after UFOs have landed on them. "There are multiple witness reports. The MoD's report shows there is a case to answer, if they feel the need to produce a 400-page report. We were told there was no study being undertaken, but in actual fact a four-year study was being carried out. "It is a bittersweet victory for us. They have admitted there is something to explain." The report, entitled Unidentified Aerial Phenomena in the UK, was completed in 2000 and stamped "Secret: UK Eyes Only." Only a few copies were produced and the author's identity has been protected. SOURCE: UFO Casebook #205 5-15-06 [Photo] KECKSBURG UFO CRASH - POSSIBLE FIRST EYEWITNESSBrian Vike May 9, 2006 Date: December 9, 1965 On December 9, 1965 hundreds of eyewitnesses watched an amazing object streak across the sky, the object was witnessed from Canada all the way to Kecksburg, Pennsylvania where the object crash landed. Soon after it was reported to be a spectacular meteorite by military and other officials. Eyewitnesses who saw the object, claimed what they saw sitting in a ravine was certainly no meteorite, but rather an unknown object. I received an email from a gentleman who told me he had been witness to the crashed object at Kecksburg, Pennsylvania. What I didn't realize was that this fellow, who was 15 years old at the time, and out hunting with his brother and a friend may have been the first eyewitness to actually see the crashed object. In the interview I have done with him, he goes on to tell of an amazing story and notes that later in life while serving in the military he came across a pilot who was scrambled to intercept the Kecksburg UFO. Because I feel that this is such an important piece to the puzzle I have decided to post the audio clip to my website where visitors can listen to the actual audio interview which can be heard at the link below. - - - - - Audio interview can be heard here clip - 32:10 minuets, Date of sighting: December 9, 1965. Date of interview: October 22, 2005 Report © 2005 HBCC UFO Research. - - - - - I would like to give my many thanks to the eyewitness for his excellent report. Also I would like to encourage any other folks who have been witness to this event, or have any information to please contact me at: I have written up the report which I have taken from the audio interview I did with the eyewitness today, October 22, 2005. The full report is below. As mentioned above I called the witness on October 22, 2005 and took his statement of the events that he remembers happening in Kecksburg, Pennsylvania. The man was very aware of what he saw, although this event took place so many years ago. He went on to explain why he was in the area at the time of the amazing experience and of course described what he saw. The witness said it was a particularly warm night for December, by local standard it was rather balmy he told me. He, his brother and a friend decided to go raccoon hunting. They gathered up the three dogs and drove out to an area called Freeman Falls. From there the fellows all split up and had agreed to meet back at the truck. They were walking through the woods with quite a bit of space between them. Larry, the man I spoke with, was at the lowest end of the line, which had him closer to where the crash site was going to be. At one point, as he was moving through the woods, he looked back in the direction of Kecksburg because a bright light happened to catch his eye. His first thoughts were that it was a plane with a orange landing light on it, but quickly realized that the light was just to bright to be on a plane, and seemed now to be a plane on fire or in trouble. All of a sudden whatever it was, changed course 90 degrees very abruptly. At this point the object was heading directly towards his position but again it made another course change, moving away from him. Then suddenly its direction changed once more and seemed to be heading straight for him. He stated that it appeared to maintain a certain altitude then all of a sudden made a sharp dip downwards from roughly 500 to 600 feet in altitude to approximately 300 feet and at a high rate of speed. Standing rather in shock, he assumed his brother and friend had also seen this due to it's brightness and flying at such a low level. But he told me that the other two people had not seen it, which may have been due to them being a distance away from him. From this point he watched it come down. He moved quickly threw the woods with one of the dogs to the area where the object had crashed and scrambled down into the ravine, thinking he might be able to help someone from the crash. He immediately noticed a small brush fire had started around the crash area. Once in the ravine and close enough to the crashed object, he quickly figured out that what he was looking at was not an airplane that he knew of. The object had partially dug itself into the ravine and he could see that approximately two to three feet of it was buried into the ground. He noted the back side of the object was flat and approximately five feet in diameter and the sides looked textured/rippled. Larry had with him a six volt dry cell light that he was using for raccoon hunting, he shone the light on the object and could see that it was steaming due to the intense heat it was giving off, plus some smoke due to the small brush fires that had been started. With his light, he tried to see if there was any kind of opening or identifying markings on it, but saw a metal band about one foot up from the base. Larry could clearly see some kind of drawings or lettering on the band. It was maybe two inches wide. Still looking at the lettering or figures, to him they made no sense or were not any written language he had seen before. He said there were a series of dots, swirls, triangular shapes and some looked like crosses with two lateral lines running across them. At the time, he was only about 15 feet away from the bronze colored object and seeing Larry was looking at something very unknown to him, his next thought was to go back to get his brother and then to seek or get to the phone to call for help. He climbed back out of the ravine, couldn't find his dog anywhere, then whistled and his dog did finally come to him. Running through the bush and yelling out his brothers name, he finally met up with his brother and the friend. The first thing out of Larry's brother's mouth was, "my god, what was it"? Larry took his brother and friend to the area where the object was embedded into the ground to show them, all of them at a bit of a distance and the other two could not figure out what it was either. Then the fellows all heard the fire engines coming in their direction from Kecksburg. Seeing the fire department was on the way, Larry's brother mentioned that there wasn't much they could do, so they left and took the dogs home. (Note: Larry thought it was important to note that when the three of the fellows were standing looking at the object, and having their dogs with them all of the dogs were certainly agitated and had the hair standing up on their backs and sniffing the air. The dogs also kept trying to hide behind the fellows as the leashes were getting caught up in the guys legs). After the brothers arrived home they told their parents about what they had seen and that got the boys father's curiosity going and they decided to go back for another look. Larry said at that time a lot of folks were driving up to the area to see what had happened. Of course by this time the Mount Pleasant Fire Department was on the scene as they thought they were heading to a plane crash. Of course when the general public and Larry and his family arrived near the location where he saw the object, the Sheriff's department had already erected a barrier across the road and not allowing anyone to get close to the crash site. When Larry's father asked the Sheriff what had happened, he said he had no information other than the Fire Department was dealing with the incident. Eventually they left and went back home, and watched the news later that evening but didn't hear anything really on what happened. But the next day Larry went to school and the teachers told the classes that they were not to talk about the event that took place the night before. Actually Larry went on to say that the teachers mentioned that what people saw, was no more than a meteor/meteorite that has crash landed. As Larry said, he found that rather odd that they weren't to talk about a meteor. Well he knew it wasn't a meteor as he had witnessed it up close and personal, and told his friends about what he witnessed. (At this point in the interview Larry stated the reason why he was coming out with this now was he hoped that by telling what he saw in the ravine that night, it just might mend the rift that was dividing the community. He also stated that what hit the ground was certainly not a meteor, he wasn't claiming it to be a UFO as he just didn't have any ideas to what it was he saw. He even had thoughts of it being a Russian Space Capsule). Larry spoke about the reproduction that was made of the object and which was placed on top of the Kecksburg Fire Department, it was very similar to what he saw in the ravine that evening. As the months and years passed by and things settled down over the event that took place in Kecksburg, it was a few years later when Larry enlisted into the Air Force as a aircraft fighter mechanic, and was stationed at Hamilton AFB which is located in Marin County, CA. He was in the barracks one evening when the alert siren went off and some F106 jet interceptors were scrambled and had intercepted something over the Pacific ocean. He mentioned that this was common as the Russian and American aircraft would play this cat and mouse game. Over some time the aircraft mechanics and pilots became rather close, and they became good friends. Larry told me that one of the pilots stationed at the base was a very seasoned pilot, did two tours in Vietnam and the next day Larry asked the pilot who was a Major, you guys were scrambled last night, the pilot said yes. Larry asked were the Russian playing games again, and the pilot replied: Quote: "I don't know what the hell it was"! Larry then started talking to him and related his story of what he saw in the ravine at Kecksburg, Pennsylvania. Larry said the pilots jaw dropped almost to the ground. And asked, you actually saw it ? Larry said yes and assumed he was the first person to see the object. Well it ended up that the pilot had a good friend who served with the Michigan National Guard back in 1965 who actually intercepted the object which fell in Kecksburg on the same night Larry saw the object. There were a number of fighter aircraft that had followed the object, or from their aircraft could track it. Larry assumed that the fighter jets had tracked the object for some distance before it hit the ground, but he said he had heard no aircraft on the night the object crashed. Later on after the Michigan National Guard pilots who followed the object returned to their base, they were told by base commanders that the object had landed in Western Pennsylvania and was nothing more than a meteorite. End of story! Brian Vike asked Larry if he roughly knew when the military showed up in the town of Kecksburg. He said approximately one hour after the object crashed. I also asked how far away any military base would have been from the crash site. Larry said the nearest base was not all that far away. (Brian Vike is wondering how the military was able to arrive so quickly after the object crashed, and in force by the sounds of it. Then one looks at the fighter aircraft already being sent out and following the object, the military knew ahead of time where the unknown had come down, or at least the approximate location where to look. Of course Larry believed the military were also already on their way as well as they had to have been tracking it as it came in). Larry said another thing he felt important to mention was, that night of the crash when they came back with their father to the crash area, the Fire Department were there along with the police who did have the road blocked off so no traffic was able to pass by as I mentioned in the report above. But then the next day the family traveled back to the area where the object came down, Larry said the military were everywhere! And in another hamlet called Mammoth the military were walking all over the area and with a barrier set up, and on the barrier there was a sign which read, "deadly force authorized beyond this point", "no admittance" and the soldiers were carrying M-14's weapons and Larry said they were pointing the guns in the direction of people. And of course the military still telling everyone in the community that all the object was, was a meteorite. As Larry said, why all the fuss and pointing weapons at folks if all it was, was a meteorite. Larry also remarks, when the military really lost credibility, is when they said nothing had landed. Anyway he went on to say it was the night of the second day of the crash, or the night after the crash the military removed what ever it was on a flatbed truck covered with a large tarp and rumors were saying it went to Wright-Patterson AFB. Larry also said folks living at the junction at Meteor Road witnessed the military trucks (a number of them) moving into the area, one appeared to be a mobile command unit and pulling a trailer. A perimeter was set up all around the crash site. Larry said about a year or two after the crash, and them still hunting in the area when his brother was coming over the top of a hill and walking through a hay field he came across a K- ration can. After his brother found the one K- ration, he kicked the ground a little bit and discovered a few more cans, of course military issue. The fellows investigated a little more to see if they might find any more trash left behind by the military, and Larry said nothing else was found. They swept the area in a circular pattern, but he thought it might be interesting if someone was to go to the area with a metal detector to see what, if anything, they might be able to find, which might provide an answer to how the area was cordoned off to the general public by the military. So there we have an interesting report from a person who had an incredible experience, one I am sure he will never ever forget. Remember, you can listen to this telephone interview at my website. I gave the link for the audio report near the middle of this story. It is well worth listening to. I would also like to thank Larry for allowing me to do an interview with him for the audio portion, and also for a fascinating report. Brian Vike Director of HBCC UFO Research Email: Website: Phone: 250 845 2189 SOURCE: [Photo] STRANGE LIGHTS AND TRANSMISSIONS IN IRAQTikrit -- Around 2200 hours, on April 30, 2006, I stepped out on the steps of the back door which faces west to smoke a cigarette. I saw what at first glance seemed to be a star that's described on this sight as a usual false sighting, but I realized that the star described was in a different part of the sky. I like to watch it flash different colors sometimes when I'm looking at the sky. I believe the star I sometimes watch is more to the southwest, so it caught my attention. Immediately after thinking this, I observed the object move extremely rapid for the distance it appeared to be from our position. (I am an air traffic controller, so I am aware of "normal", or fighter jet aircraft movement.). I closed my eyes, and shook my head a little to focus on the object to see if my eyes were playing tricks on me, and it continued to move rapidly, change directions instantly, and stop in place. I called my soldier over to confirm if it was actually moving, and he confirmed. As we watched; another couple of minutes past, and over the tower radio frequency (Our facility monitors the control towers radios.) I heard a broken transmission from what sounded like a pilot that said "...yea, it's a triangle...". Tower came over the frequency, and told the transmitter to "check freq.", which means your transmitting over our frequency, and your not supposed to. If anyone who's reading this knows anything about aviation radio language, there is nothing anywhere about any triangle that would need to be transmitted to anyone. I continued to watch the object, using a fixed object placed in my line of sight just below it to ensure myself my eyes weren't tricking me after starring at this thing for a while. It continued moving erratically, and moving in the same area in the sky for about 30 minutes, and then seemingly disappeared. It was too far away to make out a shape, but depending on the direction of movement, it was emitting different colors. I KNOW, this was not a star. Thanks to Peter Davenport NUFORC Filer's Files #20 - 17 May 2006 [Photo] HUBBLE PHOTOGRAPHS OF UNKNOWNS Hubble space Telescope advanced cameras are picking up strange objects in space. Ernest writes, "Hubble images of objects they call "protoplanetary disks" sure look like disks appearing elsewhere in our skies." See: Do you have comments about this? These objects are described as a Protoplanetary Disk Silhouetted Against the Orion Nebula. states, "Resembling an interstellar Frisbee, this is a disk of dust seen edge-on around a newborn star in the Orion nebula, located 1,500 light-years away." Because the disk is edge-on, the star is largely hidden inside, in this striking Hubble Space Telescope picture. The disk may be an embryonic planetary system in the making. Our solar system probably formed out of just such a disk 4.5 billion years ago. At 17 times the diameter of our own solar system, this disk is the largest of several recently discovered in the Orion nebula. Editor's Note: Recently, I had a man who described himself as a Hubble engineer phone me and he claimed to have seen UFOs. He stated, although they don't officially exist I'm looking at one. He refused to give his name. The objects described as "protoplanetary disks" may be a clever method of describing space ships. The discs could be much closer than the astronomers realize. We have photos of some taken in Colorado of as UFO several miles long. Assuming there are aliens they may have determined the disk to be one of the best designs for space travel. These objects are allegedly so large they are probably what NASA describes them to be. Filer's Files #21 - 24 May 2006 [Photo] TRAIN HITS UFO Paintsville, Kentucky -- At exactly 2:47 a.m. on January 14, 2002, while working a coal train en route from Russell, Kentucky to Shelbiana, Kentucky, our trailing unit and first two cars were severely damaged as we struck an unknown floating or hovering object. (See FF #21 for details. Cab roof and window damage. I wrote to some railroad safety engineers who responded. "In the 2001-2002 period, here is CSX #3 with broken windows and damage to the cab roof that looks to me like it came from above. I had asked what happen but no one knew the history and it was not listed on the loco log. Take it for what it's worth but it fits the story and period. No signs of pilot or nose damage as would be present if this had been a grade crossing accident. Still looking for my color slides but at least I did find this BW shot. Again, this is inside CSX's Huntington Locomotive Shops in Huntington, WV normally off limits to visitors. I'll send more when I dig them out. Thanks to Robby. SOURCE: Filer's Files #22 - 31 May 2006 [Photo] UFO 'CRASHES' INTO KZN SEA - INVESTIGATION UNDERWAY20/05/2006 22:12 - (SA) Port Shepstone - The National Sea Rescue Institute (NSRI) is monitoring a mysterious situation on the KZN south coast. "Numerous" eye-witnesses reported an unidentified flying object crashing into the sea on Saturday. NSRI Shelley Beach station commander, Eddie Noyons, said eye-witnesses had reported an unidentified object - possibly an aircraft - crashing into the sea behind the breaker line off-shore of the Port Shepstone High School. Police, rescue craft and a fixed wing aircraft were alerted to the scene to investigate. Noyons said: "Following a full-scale search of the area covering 12 square nautical miles nothing has been found. "There are no reports of activity in the area that may be related to this incident and there are no aircraft reported overdue or missing." He said numerous eye-witnesses - including teachers and pupils attending a sports event at the high school, by-standers and local fishermen - were convinced they had seen an aircraft go into the water. They said they saw smoke and described "water exploding". Some also reported seeing flames. Noyons said: "Some reported seeing something, an unidentified object, splash into the sea causing a ripple effect of waves." Noyons said it was being presumed that weather activity in the area at the time might have given the impression of something falling into the sea. "We will continue to monitor the situation, which remains a mystery," he said. UPDATE! 05-21-06No sign of 'UFO' - NSRI-21/05/2006 19:37 - (SA) Port Shepstone - An apparent "UFO" that was reported to have crashed into the sea off Port Shepstone on the KwaZulu-Natal South Coast. But, National Sea Rescue Institute spokesperson Craig Lambinon says nothing has been found yet, despite an extensive search over an area covering 12 square nautical miles. The mysterious object that "crashed" into the sea behind the breaker-line off-shore of Port Shepstone High School about 12:20 on Saturday, has raised a frenzy of interest worldwide. The number of readers who have clicked on the report carried by News24 reached more than 30 000 by 18:00 on Sunday afternoon. Lambinon said on Sunday evening: "Witnesses said they thought they saw an unidentified object, possibly an aircraft, crash into the sea, but absolutely nothing has been found. "Police and the NSRI offices in Shelley Beach and Port Edward responded to the call that something had crashed into the sea. " Some even saw flames Margate air traffic control also searched the area with a fixed-wing aircraft. Numerous witnesses, including pupils and teachers at a school sports event, and fishermen were convinced they saw an aircraft go into the water. "They saw smoke and water exploding. Some even saw flames. Some reported seeing an unidentified object splash into the sea causing a ripple of waves," said Lambinon. "There are no reports of activity in the area that may be related to this incident and there are no aircraft reported to be overdue or missing. The number of witness reports leads us to presume that weather activity in the area at the time may have given the impression of something falling into the sea. We will continue to monitor the situation, which remains a mystery," said Lambinon, adding: "If ever there was something..." SOURCE: www.News24.com,,2-7-1442_1936724,00.htmlUFO Casebook: 5-22-06 #206 [Photo] UNIDENTIFIED FACE-LIKE OBJECT SEEN IN DUCK X-RAYUnidentified face-like object peeks out from duck X-ray at wild bird rescue center Peter Fimrite, Chronicle Staff Writer May 25, 2006Photos at: If it quacks like an alien ... As if crop circles weren't proof enough that extraterrestrials are among us, an alien has now been found in the stomach of a duck. That, at least, is the conclusion reached by workers at the International Bird Rescue Research Center in Cordelia (Solano County) when they viewed an X-ray image they took of a sick mallard. Right there, in the duck's ventriculus, or gizzard, is the shocking image of a grimacing, bald-headed being. How it got there, nobody knows, but when an autopsy was performed after the bird died of unrelated causes, the alien had mysteriously disappeared. "We're a 35-year-old organization, and we've seen a lot of things -- bullets, fish hooks -- but this is the first time anything like this has shown up," said Jay Holcomb, executive director of the bird rescue center, which was founded in 1971 after an oil spill beneath the Golden Gate Bridge. "I don't know my aliens well, but it looks like one of those with the big eyes and the long fingers." The drake in question arrived at the center Sunday with a broken wing. Workers do not know how the mallard was injured, but it was clearly weak and emaciated. In an effort to pinpoint the trouble, Maria Travers, the assistant rehabilitation manager, took a radiograph image of the bird. She was stunned by what she saw. "Look at this," she shouted. "It's an alien head!" Holcomb admitted the strange image could have been an odd arrangement of grain in the stomach, similar to the anomalous "Face on Mars" photographed by the Viking Lander when it orbited the Red Planet in 1976. Ducks sometimes eat grain or even gravel and use it as a kind of internal grinding mechanism when they are digesting food, Holcomb explained. An autopsy Thursday revealed some grain in the bird's stomach, but nothing else out of the ordinary. Still, it is hard to deny the clarity of the alien image. No long fingers can be seen, but the face certainly has prominent brows, a small button nose that is slightly askew and a scary grimace. Unusual characteristics are commonly on display among male mallards during the spring mating season, according to Travers. Their testicles, for instance, grow to three times the size of their brains, but they have never been known to sprout an alien head, she said. "The bird rescue center is the national leader in oiled-wildlife response management. Wildlife experts and center volunteers have traveled the world helping more than 150 species of wild birds, mammals, reptiles and amphibians, including many rare and endangered species, not just in oil spills, but after accidents, mass strandings and other life-threatening situations. The nonprofit, which relies mostly on volunteers, struggles every year for the publicity and funding it needs to pay for its programs. All of which may explain why the X-ray has caused such a stir at the center. One could not help but notice, given the apparent shock of the discovery, how quickly Holcomb and the center volunteers gathered themselves and put the image up for sale on eBay. The one-of-a-kind X-ray, which measures 17 inches by 14 inches will be auctioned, along with a certificate of authenticity, starting Sunday, Holcomb said, with all the proceeds going to the rehabilitation center. A T-shirt will also be put up for sale on, he admitted, embossed with the message, "In Space, No One Can Hear You Quack." "The poor duck died, but maybe this will help other animals," Holcomb said. It will not be the first time the center has used its unique work to make money. A pelican-adoption program was recently started in which volunteers get a certificate and are allowed to release a rehabilitated pelican for a $500 fee. An adopt-a-duckling program has also been instituted, charging $25 a bird. The intelligent-being question has come up before in the Cordelia area, most notably when crop circles were discovered twice in the past three years on wheat fields near the rescue center. "I don't think they found the aliens then," Holcomb said, "or else we would have seen it in the local paper." Holcomb said it is important for workers at the center to maintain a sense of humor because the work can often be depressing. Besides the death of the alienated duck, he said, everybody was devastated recently when a great blue heron had to be euthanized after it was found suffering from a bullet wound. Since the birds can't talk, he said, maybe an X-ray image, an alien and a bit of imagination can talk for them. "People might think we're quacks," Holcomb admitted, pun apparently intended, "but maybe this is a message to the world that's coming through the duck, and we're just sharing it." E-mail Peter Fimrite at SOURCE:[Photo] MYSTERIOUS BOOM ORIGINATED OVER PACIFIC OCEANLa Jolla-based scientists say a mysterious boom heard and felt throughout San Diego County earlier this month originated from an area over the ocean, but the source of the disturbance remains unknown. According to scientists at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, the thunderous noise heard April 4 started over the ocean about 120 miles off the San Diego coast and petered out over the Imperial County desert. Scientists said the spot where the rattling boom originated is in the general vicinity of Warning Area 291, a huge swath of ocean used for military training exercises. The Navy operates a live-fire range on San Clemente Island, which is within Warning Area 291 and sits about 65 miles from Mission Bay. But Steve Fiebing, a Coronado-based Navy representative, said the live-fire range on San Clemente Island was inactive April 4. He also said there was no Navy or Marine Corps flight activity in Warning Area 291 on that day that would have caused a sonic boom or a countywide tremor. Peter Shearer, a Scripps professor involved in the research, has no idea whether the disturbance was natural or made by humans. "I would guess it's either an explosion that somebody hasn't told us about or it could have been a meteor coming into the atmosphere," Shearer said. The Scripps researchers believe the disturbance was the result of a low-frequency wave that traveled through the air at the speed of sound as it moved from the ocean to the desert. They said it was picked up by more than two dozen seismometers in San Diego and eastern Riverside counties. The boom heard around 8:45 a.m. rattled homes and buildings all throughout San Diego County, including residences in Ramona and the county sheriff's building in Clairemont Mesa. Some people speculated the disturbance was the result of an earthquake. But the U.S. Geological Survey said no measurable seismic activity was recorded in the county that morning. SOURCE: Fox 6 San Diego Conspiracy Journal 5/5/06 #364 [Photo] BOOMS AND SHAKES IN SEATTLE03-May-2006Mysterious shaking and booming noises are becoming common across the US and the world, as global warming heats up. Now there are booms in Seattle. As far as we know, we're the only ones who have connected this phenomenon to climate change. Andrew Binion writes in the Peninsula Daily News (from Port Angeles, WA, which is near Seattle) that a series of mystery booms rattled residents’ windows recently. Again, the FAA and military all deny that this was caused by an airplane and no seismic activity was recorded. SOURCE: [Photo] MYSTERY SHAKE01-May-2006A mysterious, window-rattling shaking woke up San Diego residents on April 4. reported that the same thing happened in the same area in the past and we think we know the cause: global warming. An earthquake was quickly eliminated as the cause of the recent shaking. Despite the fact that the Navy uses Warning Area 291 for training exercises, the military claims that none of their planes were flying at supersonic speeds that day. Researchers say the shaking was caused by a low-frequency sound wave that traveled from the ocean to the desert. Local scientists at the Scripps Institute have found records of 76 similar sound quakes in the last 3 years. So what could cause a shaking sensation like this? The surprise answer is: global warming. Meteorologists think they are the result of cold air meeting up with warm Gulf Stream air. Like the large blocks of ice that occasionally fall from the sky, they are a surprising byproduct of climate change. SOURCE:[Photo] FORTEANA: WEIRD RAINHeads up! There's all kinds of strange stuff falling from the sky: frogs, sardines, jellyfish, alligators and maybe - just maybe - cows! Here are some documented cases of really weird precipitation. As I sit writing this week's feature and glance out my home office window, it's pouring rain outside. One might say it's raining cats and dogs. Not literally, of course. But that's not to say that at times in many areas around the world that it hasn't rained things just as strange as felines and canines. Sometimes, things even stranger. Weird rain is one of the more bizarre - and still largely unexplained - phenomena that is periodically (yet continually) reported from all corners of the globe. There have been accounts of frog rain, fish rain, squid rain, worm rain, even alligator rain. The logical explanation for the odd occurrences is that a tornado or strong whirlwind picked up the animals from a shallow body of water and carried them - sometimes for hundreds of miles - before dropping them on a bewildered populace. This explanation has yet to be proved, and it can't quite account for all of the documented incidents, as you'll see below. Here are some of the more unusual cases - a small sampling from thousands of reports over the years - that defy all rational explanation.FrogsIn 1873, Scientific American reported that Kansas City, Missouri was blanketed with frogs that dropped from the sky during a storm. Minneapolis, Minnesota was pelted with frogs and toads in July, 1901. A news item stated: "When the storm was at its highest... there appeared as if descending directly from the sky a huge green mass. Then followed a peculiar patter, unlike that of rain or hail. When the storm abated the people found, three inches deep and covering an area of more than four blocks, a collection of a most striking variety of frogs... so thick in some places [that] travel was impossible."The citizens of Naphlion, a city in southern Greece, were surprised one morning in May, 1981, when they awoke to find small green frogs falling from the sky. Weighing just a few ounces each, the frogs landed in trees and plopped into the streets. The Greek Meteorological Institute surmised they were picked up by a strong wind. It must have been a very strong wind. The species of frog was native to North Africa!In 1995, reports Fortean Times Online, Nellie Straw of Sheffield, England, was driving through Scotland on holiday with her family when they encountered a severe storm. Along with the heavy rain, however, hundreds of frogs suddenly pelted her car.FishA powerful whirlwind might explain a rain of small fish, but it cannot account for the ones that fell on a village in India. As many as 10 people reported picking up fish that weighed as much as eight pounds that had come crashing down on them.In February, 1861, folks in many areas of Singapore reported a rain of fish following an earthquake. How could the two possibly correlate?Golfers dread gathering clouds and a rain that might ruin their game. But imagine the consternation of several duffers in Bournemouth, England, in 1948 who received a shower of herring.Priests often pray for blessings from above... but fish? In 1966, Father Leonard Bourne was dashing through a downpour across a courtyard in North Sydney, Australia, when a large fish fell from the sky and landed on his shoulder. The priest nearly caught it as it slid down his chest, but it squirmed away, fell to the flooded ground and swam away. These things don't always happen in a heavy rain. In 1989, in Ipswich, Australia, Harold and Degen's front lawn was covered with about 800 "sardines" that rained from above during a light shower. This report is most unusual: In an otherwise clear sky in Chilatchee, Alabama in 1956, a woman and her husband watched as a small dark cloud formed in the sky. When it was overhead, the cloud released its contents: rain, catfish, bass and bream - all of the fish alive. The dark cloud had turned to white, then dispersed.Flesh and BloodIn 1890, Popular Science News reported that blood rained down on Messignadi, Calabria in Italy - bird's blood. It was speculated that the birds were somehow torn part by violent winds, although there were no such winds at the time. And no other parts of the bird came down - just blood.J. Hudson's farm in Los Nietos Township, California endured a rain of flesh and blood for three minutes in 1869. The grisly fall covered several acres.The American Journal of Science confirmed a shower of blood, fat and muscle tissue that fell on a tobacco farm near Lebanon, Tennessee in August, 1841. Field workers, who actually experienced this weird shower, said they heard a rattling noise and saw "drops of blood, as they supposed...fell from a red cloud which was flying over."MiscellaneousIn 1881, a thunderstorm in Worcester, England, brought down tons of periwinkles and hermit crabs.In November, 1996, a town in southern Tasmania was slimed! Several residents woke up on a Sunday morning after a night of violent thunderstorms to find a strange, white-clear jelly-like substance on their property. Apparently, it had rained either fish eggs or baby jellyfish.A Korean fisherman, trolling off the coast of the Falkland Islands, was knocked unconscious by a single frozen squid that fell from the sky and konked him on the head.In July, 2001, a red rain fell on Kerala, India. At first it was thought that a meteor was responsible for the strange-colored rain, but an analysis showed that the water was filled with fungal spores. Still, where did all of those red spores come from to be rained down in such concentration?From about 1982 to 1986, kernels of corn have rained down on several houses in Evans, Colorado - tons of it, according to Gary Bryan, one of the residents. Oddly, there were no cornfields in the area that might account for the phenomenon.In August, 2001, the Wichita, Kansas area experienced an unexplained rain of corn husks. The news report stated that "thousands of dried corn leaves fell over east Wichita - from about Central Avenue to 37th Street North, along Woodlawn Boulevard and on east - each about 20 to 30 inches long."In 1877, several one-foot-long alligators fell on J. L. Smith's farm in South Carolina. They landed, unharmed, and started crawling around, reported The New York Times.Perhaps the most bizarre report is one that, unfortunately, cannot be confirmed. It may be just the stuff of urban legend, but it's so weird and so amusing that had to be included. I'll leave it up to you to decide whether or not it's true. Sometime around 1990, a Japanese fishing boat was sunk in the Sea of Okhotsk off the eastern coast of Siberia by a falling cow. When the crew of the wrecked ship were fished from the water, they told authorities that they had seen several cows falling from the sky, and that one of them crashed straight through the deck and hull. At first, the story goes, the fishermen were arrested for trying to perpetrate an insurance fraud, but were released when their story was verified. It seems that a Russian transport plane carrying stolen cattle was flying overhead. When the movement of the herd within the plane threw it off balance, the plane's crew, to avoid crashing, opened the loading bay at the tail of the aircraft and drove them out to fall into the water below. True story or hoax? One investigation traced the story back to a Russian television comedy series. Personally, I think the story is the most preposterous.... Wait a minute... I think I just saw something large and black and white fall past my window. Is that mooing I hear? SOURCE: Journal 5/5/06 #364[Photo] SPOOKLIGHTS: WHERE TO FIND THEM Are they ghosts, UFOs or some unexplained natural phenomenon? Perhaps you'd like to go observe one and decide for yourself. Paranormal Phenomena from Paranormal.about.comThey appear in the distance with a regularity that seldom disappoints those who come to view them. Glowing in the night with an eerie, soft color, they sometimes pulse, sometimes dance about, usually near the ground or horizon. Their source is a mystery. When the curious try to approach them, they vanish, as if purposely keeping their true nature a secret. They’re called "spooklights" or "ghost lights" and they have baffled observers for centuries. Many theories have been offered to explain their presence, including hallucinations, UFOs, automobile headlights (either direct or reflected), ball lightning, electrical discharges caused by tectonic forces, swamp gas – and even, as the name implies, ghosts. Continuously appearing spooklights are found around the world. Here is a roundup of several of the most well-known spooklights. Perhaps there is one near you. [Photo] Big Thicket Ghost Light BRAGG, TEXASThis light can be found along Black Creek near the old ghost town of Bragg in eastern Texas. Viewed on a dirt road that leads into swamp land, this spooklight carries the well-known but almost certainly fictitious legend of the railway brakeman who was accidentally beheaded by a passing train and who now searches the area for his head with a gas lantern; the spooklight is said to be that lantern. The tale is folklore that has been attributed to several spooklights. The Big Thicket Ghost Light has been described as starting as a pinpoint of light among the swamp trees that grows to the brightness of a flashlight, then dims and fades away. Its color has been likened to that of a pumpkin. Website: Ghost Light of the Big Thicket[Photo] Brown Mountain Lights BROWN MOUNTAIN, NORTH CAROLINASightings of these lights go back at least 800 years when the native Cherokees thought them to be the spirits of slain warriors. That these lights go back so far rules out any man-made illumination, such as auto headlights. The lights have since been well documented by subsequent residents of the area. There have been dozens of observations by explorers, some dating back to the 1700s, and by Civil War soldiers; several newspaper reports and magazine articles have been written about the lights. They have been described as being white, yellow or red; some say they are stationary while others testify that they move around. According to the L.E.M.U.R. team, which has studied and photographed the lights, they often "line up into 'troop formation' and 'march' across the ridge, disappearing over the top." The peak time for viewing is in the Fall. Websites: The Brown Mountain Lights website offers photographs, history, directions and a map.[Photo] Dovedale Light RIVER DOVE, DOVEDALE, UKStrange lights are said to dance above the river in the scenic "Peak District" of the UK. One notable encounter took place in March, 1993 when two students watched two very bright round lights of unknown origin "dance" above the river in perfect synchronization. They watched the lights for about three minutes and estimated that they moved from between 10 to 100 feet above the surface of the river. The lights were again seen by more witnesses several months later. Website: The Peakland Spooklights[Photo] The Gurdon Light GURDON, ARKANSAS This ghost light has been seen by hundreds of witnesses who live near or travel to the area around this small Arkansas town about 75 miles south of Little Rock. Seen along a stretch of railroad tracks, this light is also explained with the "headless brakeman" legend. Because of its remote location (you have to hike about 2-1/2 miles off the road to the spot where it can be seen) auto headlights have been eliminated as a possible cause. Those who have seen it say it is usually white or blue in color, and sometimes orange. One distinguishing feature is that it has a distinctive border to it. Website: Haunted Arkansas: The Gurdon Light[Photo] The Hebron Light HEBRON, MARYLAND Hebron has been home to the mysterious Hebron Light for decades. One of the most remarkable incidents involving the light occurred in July, 1952 when two officers of the Maryland State Police allegedly chased a 10-inch ball of light down a dark road in their patrol car. There have been sporadic sightings of the light before and since, but many say that it has been inactive since the mid-1960s. Website: The Hebron Light and Others[Photo] Hessdalen Valley Lights RØROS, NORWAYThe lights seen in this valley in central Norway were first noticed in 1981. The appearances seemed to start suddenly with the unexplained lights winking on throughout the valley near people's homes and beneath the ridges of the surrounding mountains. Most of the lights were described as spheres, although some witnesses also reported cone shapes. Various colors were attributed to them, but the predominant hues were white or yellow-white. Blue flashes of light appearing in groups of three and forming a triangle were also seen. Østfold College has undertaken a study of the phenomenon. Website: Project Hassdalen [Photo] The Hornet Spooklight (Tri-State Spooklight or Joplin Spooklight) NORTHEAST OKLAHOMALocated on the very northeast corner of Oklahoma, where the state borders Kansas to the north and Missouri to the east, in an area sometimes called "The Devil's Promenade," you can find the Hornet Spooklight (otherwise known as the Tri-State Spooklight or Joplin Spooklight). This is a single glowing orb or "necklace of lights" that appears at the end of a dark gravel road. Sightings go back well over 100 years when settlers traveling by wagon train took note of the strange lights. Usually golden or red in color, it has also been described at times as yellow, orange, green or blue. One witness said that the light was so bright and close that it provided light for him to work by at night. Websites: Spooklight - provides a history and several anecdotes. Tri-State Spooklight - offers a map and detailed directions. Hornet Spooklight Hornet "Spook Light: [Photo] Longendale Lights LONGENDALE VALLEY, DERBYSHIRE, UK The Longendale Valley, sometimes called the "Haunted Valley," is famous for its many strange goings-on, including ghosts, UFOs and, of course, the Longendale Lights. The eerie flickering lights have been known for centuries and have come to be known as "The Devil's Bonfire." Age-old legends have attributed the lights to fairies, witches and even torch-bearing ghosts of Roman soldiers. According to The Peakland Spooklights, "Nearly everyone who has lived in the upper part of the valley has either seen them or knows someone who has seen them." Websites: The Peakland Spooklights Haunted Valley [Photo] The Maco Station Lights WILMINGTON, NORTH CAROLINAThe first reports of this ghost light appear to date back to 1862. It also seems to hover near railroad tracks and therefore also is burdened with the ol' headless brakeman's ghost legend. In 1894, no less a personage than President Grover Cleveland saw this spooklight while traveling on the rail line. And several witnesses, including a WWII soldier on leave, claimed to have been chased by the lights. Sorry to say that these lights are no longer visible, however. When the railroad tracks were taken up in 1977, the sightings ended. This interesting fact suggests that the metal rails might have something to do with the phenomenon in many cases. Websites: The Maco Railroad Light Light at Maco Station[Photo] The Marfa Lights MARFA, TEXASThe Marfa Lights in Western Texas, nine miles east of Marfa, are arguably the most well-known spooklights in the US. Within driving distance of the McDonald Observatory, the Marfa lights have been viewed for over a century. According to a State of Texas brochure, the first recorded sighting was made by a rancher named Robert Ellison in 1883. Apache Indians thought them to be stars that had dropped down to earth. Today they can been seen at night by passersby who park in a pullover spot on Hwy. 90. They are described as changing in color and intensity, and usually move about. Most skeptics believe the Marfa Lights are nothing more than distant auto headlights on another highway, but that doesn't explain the pre-automobile sightings. The town of Marfa even hosts an annual Marfa Lights Festival every September. A new Marfa Light Viewing Center has recently been announced []. Websites: The Marfa Mystery Lights - background information. - offers QuickTime movies of the lights, a history and personal accounts.[Photo] The Min-Min Lights BOULIA, QUEENSLAND, AUSTRALIANamed Min-Min after a hotel from which the lights were first seen by white settlers, these ghost lights have been seen on Aboriginal land for many years. Seen over a wide area, they seem to "follow" witnesses as they travel in their cars. They have been described as being as bright as headlights, varying in color, sometimes oval in shape and erratic in their movement. Some Aborigines consider them ancestors, gods or demons. Website: The Min-Min Lights - a chat transcript about the phenomenon. [Photo] Ontario Ghost Road SCUGOG TOWNSHIP, ONTARIO, CANADAMysterious white and red lights have been observed by many witnesses who venture out onto "Ghost Road," otherwise known as Mississauga Trail on Scugog Island. The legend behind this ghost light alleges that one Dan or Dave Sweeny lost control of his motorcycle while speeding down this road back in the 1950s. He fell and hit his head on a rock, and ever since the ghost lights of his motorcycle can be seen crossing the field, making a turn and then disappearing. Websites: Ontario's Ghost Road - provides information, photos, experiences, a map and directions. Road, Port Perry[Photo] Silver Cliff Cemetery Lights SILVER CLIFF, COLORADOWitnesses say these silver dollar-sized lights, usually appearing in groups of three or four, dance among the headstones of the old cemetery. Like most spooklights, they quickly fade away when people try to get a closer look at them. They are usually blue-white in color. Website: Cemetery Lights of Silver Cliff, Colorado[Photo] Surrency Spooklight SURRENCY, GEORGIAThis bright yellow ball of light was first seen along railroad tracks near the small town of Surrency in the early 1900s. According to one website [], it is theorized that the phenomenon is caused by "a geologic anomaly deep under the town of Surrency. The anomaly, discovered in 1985 during a regional seismic survey, is theorized to be a convex shaped pocket of liquid about nine miles underground, unlike anything else in the world. Scientists are puzzled by the anomaly, since liquid is not supposed to be able to form so far underground." Did I miss one? If there is a spooklight in your area not mentioned here that has been seen regularly by multiple witnesses, write and tell me about it []. Please include where it can be found, a description, any experiences you've had with it, and a link to a website about it, if there is one. SOURCE: Journal 5/19/06 #366 [Photo] MIRAGE OCCURS IN PENGLAI Monday, May 8, 2006Thousands of tourists and local residents witnessed a mirage of high clarity lasting for four hours off the shore of Penglai City in east China's Shandong Province on Sunday. Mists rising on the shore created an image of a city, with modern high-rise buildings, broad city streets and bustling cars as well as crowds of people all clearly visible. The city of Penglai had been soaked by two days of rain before the rare weather phenomenon occurred. The mirage took place during the week-long Labor Day holiday. The small city received over 30,000 tourists on Sunday. Experts said that many mirages have been recorded in Penglai, on the tip of Shandong Peninsula, throughout history, which made it known as a dwelling place of the gods. They explained that a mirage is formed when moisture in the air becomes warmer than the temperature of sea water, which refracts rays of sunlight to create reflections of the landscape in the sky. Copyright © 2005 E-NEWS: May 19 [Photo] ANOTHER FALLING ICE BLOCK30-May-2006Once again, a huge block of ice has suddenly fallen from the sky, this time in Atlantic City, startling and confusing residents and—once again—leading to a promise of an FAA investigation. Michael Pritchard writes in The Press of Atlantic city that residents of Brigantine, a suburb of Atlantic City, were outside in their yard when they heard a mysterious, loud whistling noise as a huge block of ice fell from the sky and crashed into the vacant lot next door, shaking the foundation of their house. It just missed hitting a woman who was cooking on her barbecue grill. Yet again, nobody involved appears to be aware of the other mysterious ice falls that have been taking place worldwide for years—or of the fact that the ice does NOT come from airplanes, it is a symptom of global warming. The ice does come from planes, but not from airline toilets: airplane toilets do not leak and planes do not empty their toilets while flying. As the lower atmosphere heats up, the upper atmosphere gets colder, causing ordinary jet plane contrails to form blocks of ice that then fall from the sky, sometimes crashing into crowded urban areas. SOURCE: ~AND~ [Photo] TWO-FOOT BLOCK OF ICE FALLS FROM SKY ONTO NJ LAWN May 22, 2006BRIGANTINE, N.J. -- A large block of ice believed to have been discarded by an airplane fell thousands of feet onto the lawn of a Brigantine residence this weekend. The ice cube, measured at about two feet all the way around, made a foot-deep crater when it came down Saturday. The unidentified homeowner notified authorities, who believe the ice chunk fell from the holding tank of an airplane flying overhead. Brigantine police sought help from the Federal Aviation Administration to identify which airplane the ice chunk fell from. But there were too many flights in the area at the time the ice fell to make that determination. SOURCE: ~AND~ [Photo] COUPLE SEEKS TO CRACK BRIGANTINE ICE MYSTERYBy Michael Pritchard, Staff Writer May 24, 2006Photo Caption: Dan and Jean Ciechanowski saved a chunk of ice that fell on the lot next to their Brigantine home. They were barbecuing when ice hit Saturday. They say the ice, which could have fallen from a plan, may be from a meteor. BRIGANTINE — It was a pretty typical Saturday evening for Dan and Jean Ciechanowski as they worked the barbecue and chatted with neighbors this past weekend. Then it happened. Dan Ciechanowski heard a noise that he described as the sound a missile makes and saw something moving across the sky at a 45-degree angle. It smashed into a vacant lot next to his property with a crash that shook the foundation of his house. That crash was pretty close to where Jean Ciechanowski was grilling. Though there is a fence between her property and the vacant yard, she too heard the missile-like sound and felt the impact. In the end, the object — a large chunk of ice — had landed just a few feet away. “First I heard the noise of it coming down,” she said. “Then there's this crash and it shook the ground all around me. It was a pretty scary thing to go through.” In fact, the Ciechanowskis described the impact as surreal. What they found afterward was a one-foot-deep crater in the adjacent yard with a hunk of ice two feet around sitting in the middle. The ice fell at about 7:30 p.m. Saturday. When investigated by city police, it was assumed that the ice had fallen from a plane. Police called the Federal Aviation Administration to see if any planes in the area had inadvertently dropped the ice from one of their holding tanks. Or it could be a form of “blue ice,” a euphemism used in the airline industry for ice that falls from leaking airplane lavatories. There were too many planes in the area to find a culprit, police said, but Ciechanowski isn't so sure that the ice came from a plane. “That was my first thought,” he said. “We are on an approach for Atlantic City International Airport. But my neighbor and I were out talking when it happened. We looked around and didn't see a single plane in the area.” Ciechanowski did some quick Internet research and found some other problems with a blue ice theory. The ice in question was clear, did not have a foul odor and seemed to have some minerals in it. “I'm not saying what it is,” Ciechanowski said. “But it doesn't fit what I was reading in the Internet. It made me think it could be something else, like a type of meteor.” A spokesman for the FAA said that despite the lack of color and odor, the ice still could have come from a plane. The FAA intends to investigate the incident. When they get to the site, they'll be able to see the ice first-hand. Ciechanowski kept a piece in the freezer. And he is handling it with care in case the blue ice theory holds up. “It's in a freezer we don't use too much and it's in plastic,” he said. For the Ciechanowskis, the mystery ice will provide for some interesting conversations this summer, but they are aware it could have been a lot worse. “If this had hit something like our house it would have smashed right through it,” Dan Ciechanowski said. “If it hit somebody it would be terrible. We're very lucky that nobody got hurt by this thing. I'm still a little paranoid about planes flying overhead right now.” Michael Pritchard, The Press: 609-272-7256; mpritchard@pressofac.comSOURCE: [Photo][Photo]RETURN TO CURRENT NEWS PAGE Copyright ©2006 All rights reserved.HOME NEWS DIRECTOR MESSENGER SITE INDEX LINKS CONTACTt